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what was the role of mahatma gandhi in the freedom movement?


Posted- 2380 days ago
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The indian national movement is usually called the GANDHIAN MOVEMENT. Mahatma gandhi henceforth became the leader n guide of the indian national movement.He gave a new shape to it...........he made the struggle of independence a mass movement.                                                                                                                During the period 1920-47 Gandhiji started many movements : (1)non cooperation movement

(2)civil disobediance movement

(3)quit india movement,etc

 

When one reviews Gandhi's role in the freedom struggle of India, one realises that his greatest contribution was his practice of non-violent revolution and his use of satyagraha to oppose oppression. He used 'non-cooperation' to awaken the Indian masses to a sense of dignity and power and it became a powerful tool with which to fight the might of a colonial power. By openly and peacefully defying the British might, by instilling fearlessness in the minds of the Indians, he knocked off the main pillar of imperialism. Some of the major movements and freedom struggles led by him are discussed below.

Non Co-operation Movement
One of the first series of non violent protests nationwide was the non cooperation movement started by Mahatma Gandhi. This movement officially started the Gandhian era in India. In this freedom struggle, the non cooperation movement was basically aimed at making the Indians aware of the fact that the British government can be opposed and if done actively, it will keep a check on them. Thus, educational institutions were boycotted, foreign goods were boycotted, and people let go off their nominated seats in government institutions. Though the movement failed, Indians awakened to the concept of going against the British.

Civil Disobedience Movement
Gandhi again took off with another non violent movement known as the civil disobedience movement. This movement was more active than the non cooperation movement and brought about a revolution of sorts. This movement aimed at bringing the British administration to a stop by withdrawing support from everything. There was agitation against land revenue, abolition of salt tax, cutting down military expenditure, levying duty on foreign cloth, etc. A very important movement was that of Salt Satyagraha where Gandhi undertook the Dandi march as a protest against the Salt tax.

Quit India Movement
The Quit India Movement was launched under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi in August 1942. The main aim for launching this movement was to bring the British to negotiate with the Indian leaders. It was a call for immediate independence of India and the slogan of "Do or Die" was adopted for the same. However the leaders were arrested soon after Gandhi's speech and were put in jail by British officials. Gandhi went on a fast for 21 days demanding the release of the leaders despite his failing health. The British had to secure the release of the leaders.

India Independence
After the Quit India Movement the freedom struggle got even more intense and passionate. Entire India was united together in the movement for freedom. Everyone contributed what they could in the freedom struggle. The cry of Purna Swaraj or complete independence was raised. After much sacrifices and efforts, India gained its independence on the 15th August, 1947.

 
When one reviews Gandhi's role in the freedom struggle of India, one realises that his greatest contribution was his practice of non-violent revolution and his use of satyagraha to oppose oppression. He used 'non-cooperation' to awaken the Indian masses to a sense of dignity and power and it became a powerful tool with which to fight the might of a colonial power. By openly and peacefully defying the British might, by instilling fearlessness in the minds of the Indians, he knocked off the main pillar of imperialism. Some of the major movements and freedom struggles led by him are discussed below. Non Co-operation Movement One of the first series of non violent protests nationwide was the non cooperation movement started by Mahatma Gandhi. This movement officially started the Gandhian era in India. In this freedom struggle, the non cooperation movement was basically aimed at making the Indians aware of the fact that the British government can be opposed and if done actively, it will keep a check on them. Thus, educational institutions were boycotted, foreign goods were boycotted, and people let go off their nominated seats in government institutions. Though the movement failed, Indians awakened to the concept of going against the British. Civil Disobedience Movement Gandhi again took off with another non violent movement known as the civil disobedience movement. This movement was more active than the non cooperation movement and brought about a revolution of sorts. This movement aimed at bringing the British administration to a stop by withdrawing support from everything. There was agitation against land revenue, abolition of salt tax, cutting down military expenditure, levying duty on foreign cloth, etc. A very important movement was that of Salt Satyagraha where Gandhi undertook the Dandi march as a protest against the Salt tax. Quit India Movement The Quit India Movement was launched under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi in August 1942. The main aim for launching this movement was to bring the British to negotiate with the Indian leaders. It was a call for immediate independence of India and the slogan of "Do or Die" was adopted for the same. However the leaders were arrested soon after Gandhi's speech and were put in jail by British officials. Gandhi went on a fast for 21 days demanding the release of the leaders despite his failing health. The British had to secure the release of the leaders. India Independence After the Quit India Movement the freedom struggle got even more intense and passionate. Entire India was united together in the movement for freedom. Everyone contributed what they could in the freedom struggle. The cry of Purna Swaraj or complete independence was raised. After much sacrifices and efforts, India gained its independence on the 15th August, 1947.
 

Gandhiji was the one who brought freedom to india and also created among the people the sense of unity. He launched th civil disobedience movement, the non cooperation movement and also supported the kilafat movement to bring the hindus and muslims together.

 

gandhiji started of movements such as dandi march, non-cooperation, satyagrah, boycott of english goods and swadeshi movement