before factories were established in england and europe, ther was large scale production for an international market . historians refered to this as proto-industrialisation.
PROTO-INDUSTRIALISATION MEANS THE EXISTENCE OF INDUSTRIES BEFORE THE FACTORY SYSTEM. EVEN BEFORE FACTORIES BEGAN TO APPEAR IN ENGLAND AND EUROPE, THERE WAS LARGE SCALE INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION FOR THE INTERNATIONAL MARKET. THIS PRODUCTION WAS NOT BASED ON FACTORIES. SUCH A PHASE OF INDUSTRIALISATION BEFORE THE APPEARANCE OF FACTORIES IS REFERRED TO AS PROTO-INDUSTRIALISATION BY MANY HISTORIANS.