What Is It
Caretakers of the earth? Yes, that is what they are. They study the natural processes on the earth and other planets of the solar system, soil, oceans, atmosphere and thus enhance the understanding of the earth. They gather and interpret data pertaining to composition structure and physical aspects of the earth, to help improve the quality of life by better understanding natural processes. geology, geophysics, hydrology, oceanography, marine science, atmospheric science, planetary science, meteorology, environmental science, and soil science are all considered parts of geosciences. They are also concerned with natural resources, and their usage.
A master?s degree is usually the minimum educational requirement that any employer looks for. A Ph.D. degree is required for positions of research and teaching. The specializations may include Economic Geologist, Engineering Geologist, environmental geologist, Geologists, Geochemists, geomorphologists, geochronologists, geophysists, hydrologists and so on.
Geoscientists are employed in architectural and engineering companies, oil and gas companies, government organizations like geological survey, Forest Departments, energy divisions, water management and other state agencies. Teaching jobs and research positions at universities take up a large chunk of the professionals. Many work as professional consultants to government as well as to industry in general.