Study In India
Biological scientists-Monkombu Sambasivan Swaminathan
Dr M.S. Swaminathan, the father of Green Revolution in India once said "if conservation of natural resources goes wrong, nothing else will have a chance to go right." He is a visionary whose dream is to rid the world of hunger and poverty. Dr. Swaminathan is widely respected for his effective advocacy of sustainable development, especially using environmentally sustainable agriculture, sustainable food security and the preservation of biodiversity.

He is founder and Chairman of the MS Swaminathan Research Foundation, leading the 'Evergreen Revolution'.

He is an Indian agriculture scientist, born August 7, 1925, in Kumbakonam, Tamilnadu. He is a visionary whose dream is to rid the world of hunger and poverty. Dr. Swaminathan is widely respected for his effective advocacy of sustainable development, especially using environmentally sustainable agriculture, sustainable food security and the preservation of biodiversity.

His motto is "if conservation of natural resources goes wrong, nothing else will have a chance to go right." He said, in 2005, that: "I am firmly convinced that hunger and deprivation can be eliminated sooner than most people consider feasible, provided there is a synergy among technology, public policy and social action".

Education He chose a career in agriculture and enrolled in Coimbatore Agricultural College where he graduated as class valedictorian with another B.Sc, this time in Agricultural Science.

In 1947, he moved to the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) in New Delhi as a post-graduate student in genetics and plant breeding and obtained his post-graduate degree there with high distinction in Cytogenetics in 1949.

He began his lifelong association with UNESCO by receiving a UNESCO Fellowship to continue his IARI research on potato genetics at the Wageningen Agricultural University, Institute of Genetics in the Netherlands.

In 1950, he moved to study at the Plant Breeding Institute of the University of Cambridge School of Agriculture. He earned his Ph.D degree here in 1952. He then accepted a post-doctoral research associateship at the University of Wisconsin, Department of Genetics to help set up a USDA Potato Research Station. He returned to India in early 1954. Professional achievements Dr. Swaminathan has worked on a wide range of problems in basic and applied Plant breeding, agricultural research and development and the conservation of natural resources, leading Consensus decision-making, building organizational structures and networking of organizations.

He has been involved with the agricultural research and teaching cytogenetics at Indian Agricultural Research Institute IARI. Over 68 students have done their Ph.D thesis work under his guidance.

He has held key positions at national and international institutes and organizations like Indian Council of Agricultural Research ICAR, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, Independent Chairman, FAO Council, Rome, International Steering Committee of the Keystone International Dialogue on Plant Genetic Resources, International Congress of Genetics, World Wide Fund for Nature–India WWF, International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems (ISME).

Established the National Bureau of Plant, Animal, and Fish Genetic Resources of India., the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (changed in 2006 to Biodiversity International) and Transformed the Pre-investment Forest Survey Programme into the Forest Survey of India, Developed the concept of Farmers' Rights and the text of the International Undertaking on Plant Genetic Resources (IUPGR).

Swaminathan has been described by the United Nations Environment Programme as " he Father of Economic Ecology".

Swaminathan is a Fellow of the Royal Society of London the U. S. National Academy of Sciences, the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the Italian Academy of Sciences.

Dr Swaminathan is a prolific scientific researcher and writer. He published 46 single author papers between 1950 and 1980. In addition he has written a few books around the general theme of his life's work, biodiversity and sustainable agriculture for alleviation of hunger.

Awards and recognition

Dr. Swaminathan has received several outstanding awards and prizes. These prizes include large sums of money, which has helped sustain and expand his work. The Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement 1991 Padma Vibhushan 1989 World Food Prize 1987 Golden Heart Presidential Award of the Philippines, 1987 Albert Einstein World Science Award by the World Cultural Council 1986 Padma Bhushan 1972 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership 1971 Padma Shri 1967 He holds 46 honorary Doctorate degrees from universities around the world.

The list of awards and recognitions is never ending. On the occasion of the presentation of the First World Food Prize to Dr. Swaminathan in October 1987, Mr. Javier Perez de Cuellar - Secretary General of the United Nations, wrote: "Dr. Swaminathan is a living legend. His contributions to Agricultural Science have made an indelible mark on food production in India and elsewhere in the developing world. By any standards, he will go into the annals of history as a world scientist of rare distinction".

He currently holds the UNESCO -Cousteau Chair in Eco technology at the M. S. Swaminathan Research Foundation in Chennai, India.He is the chairman of the National Commission on Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Security of India (National Commission on Farmers). He is currently spearheading a movement to bridge the Digital divide called, "Mission 2007: Every Village a Knowledge Centre".