English-A

The word that modifies or adds to the meaning of a verb, an adjective or another adverb is called an Adverb. There are three kinds of adverbs, Simple adverbs, Interrogative adverbs and Relative adverbs. Simple adverbs can be further divided into: The Adverb of Time The Adverb of time answers the question ‘when?’ I am to leave for Delhi tomorrow. The Adverb of Place The Adverb of Place answers the question ‘where?’ I am going there. The Adverb of Manner The Adverb of Manner answers the question ‘How’ or ‘In what manner?’ He fought bravely. The Adverb of Reason The Adverb of Reason answers the question ‘Why’ The Adverb of Comparison The Adverb of Comparison indicates comparison The Adverb of Degree / Quantity The Adverb of Degree / Quantity answers the question ‘How far, or ‘How much?’ She is quite happy The Adverb of Frequency/ Number The Adverb of Frequency/ Number answers the question ‘How often’ or ‘How many.’ He fell from the tree twice. The Adverb of Affirmation/ Negation The Adverb of Affirmation or Negation indicates affirmation or negation of an action, statement, belief, opinion, etc. Interrogative adverbs are further divided into the following: Interrogative Adverb of Time Interrogative Adverb of Place Where can I find them? Interrogative Adverb of Manner How did you work out the sum? Interrogative Adverb of Reason Why are you crying? Interrogative Adverb of Degree / Quantity How high is Qutab Minar? Interrogative Adverb of Frequency/ Number Relative Adverbs A Relative Adverb joins two clauses by relating itself to a Noun (its antecedent) and indicates time, place, reason or manner. Formation of Adverbs Adverbs can be formed in the following manners By adding –ly to adjectives, nouns or participles, By adding a preposition to adjectives, nouns or adverbs, etc. Position of adverbs Adverbs of Manner, Time and Adverbs or Adverb Phrases of Places are generally placed after the verb or after the object If the verb is in the passive form, it is more usual to put the adverb of Manner before the participle. Adverbs of frequency and certain other Adverbs are placed after the first auxiliary if the verbs consist of more than one word. Adverbs are placed after the main ‘be’ verbs (am, are, was, were), When adverb modifies an Adjective or another adverb, the adverb generally comes before the Adjective or another Adverb. When Adverbs of Manner Place and Time occur in the same sentence, they are placed in the following order: Manner – Place - Time

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