A noun is a word that is used to name an animal, person, idea, quality, place or thing. The word thing would mean anything that we can think of. Nouns are classified into five kinds. A Proper Noun is the name of a particular person or place. Proper means one’s own. Hence a Proper Name is a person’s own name. Proper Nouns are always written with a capital letter at the beginning. Proper Nouns are sometimes used as Common Nouns. Example – He is called the Tom Cruise (most popular actor) of India. Common Noun is a name given in common to every person or thing of the same class or kind. Common here means shared by all. Example: Man, woman, tiger, plant, rock, chair, pen, house, ship, etc. Countable Nouns are those that can be counted. Examples: Pencil, dog, computer, glass, apple, etc. Uncountable Nouns are those that cannot be counted Examples: Sand, water, air, gold, etc. A collective noun is a noun that describes a group of things or people as a unit. Look at the following examples. A fleet of planes, a pride of lions, a school of fish, a heap of sand, etc. Material nouns are things we can see and touch (things that are made of matter) Abstract nouns are those which we cannot touch or see but can feel or think about. Love, hatred, obedience, philosophy, fear, etc. FORMATION OF ABSTRACT NOUNS Abstract nouns can be formed from other existing words. From Adjectives Kind - Kindness Honest - Honesty From Verbs Obey - Obedience Employ - Employment From Common Nouns Slave - Slavery Neighbor - Neighborhood

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