English Core

In our daily life we come across people and things that look exactly similar and others, entirely different. Similarly every language has a set of words that mean the same, and some other words that mean completely the opposite. Antonyms Antonyms are words having opposite or contrary meaning. There are different types of antonyms such as the following. Graded antonyms deal with levels of the meaning of the words, like if something is not “good”, is may still not be “bad.” There is a scale involved with a number of words, and besides good and bad there can be average, fair, excellent, terrible, poor, or satisfactory. Complementary antonyms have a relationship where there is no middle ground. There are only two possibilities, either one or the other. Relational antonyms are sometimes considered a subcategory of complementary antonyms. With these pairs, for there to be a relationship, both must exist. Antonyms can be easily made by adding a prefix, such as ‘non’, ‘in’, ‘less’, etc. Other antonyms are entirely new words. Look at some examples given below. Affirm - deny Broad - narrow Clever - stupid Deficit - surplus Enthrone - dethrone Cheerful - cheerless Patient - impatient Violent - nonviolent Synonyms The English language is rich in sets of words, expressing almost the same idea. Such words are called synonyms. These words mean nearly, but not exactly the same thing. Synonyms help us to enrich our language and to avoid monotony. It is good to use the synonyms rather than repeating the same word over and over in a piece of writing. Look at the list of some synonyms given below. Corpulence - beefiness , obesity stoutness , portliness Discrepancy - inconsistency, difference, incongruity Gritty - coarse , rough , grainy Grotesques - gross, monstrous, misshapen Exemplary - ideal , commendable, perfect Susceptible - liable , vulnerable , prone, gullible Hegemony - supremacy , command, domination

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