Organising refers to a process that coordinates human efforts, assembles resources and integrates them for achieving specified objectives. The steps in process of organising are identification and division of work, departmentalisation, assignment of duties and establishing reporting framework. Organising is important as it has benefits of specialisation, adapts to change, helps in development of personnel, expansion and growth, etc. Organisation structure refers to a frame work within which managerial and operating tasks are performed. A functional structure is an organisational design that groups similar or related jobs together. Divisional organisation structure means division of the whole enterprise according to the major products to be manufactured by it. While functional structure is formed on the basis of functions, divisional structure is formed on the basis of products lines and is supported by functions. Formal Organisation is one wherein relationship is definite and defined beforehand. Informal Organisation is one wherein relationships are not definite. Delegation of authority merely means the granting of authority to subordinates to operate within prescribed limits. Delegation is important as it leads to effective management, helps in development of employees by giving them more opportunities to utilise their talent, motivates employees, etc. Decentralisation refers to systematic efforts to lowest level all authority except that which can be exercised at central points whereas centralisation means concentration of all decision-making functions at the higher management levels.
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The channel of communication in an informal organisation is calledMarks:1
Explanation:In an informal organisation, communication doesn’t move through official chain of command. The channel of communication in an informal organisation is called grapevine.
Dispersal of authority or decision-making power among various levels of management is calledMarks:1
Explanation:In decentralization, authority is not concentrated in few hands but is distributed throughout the organisation. In a big organisation, it is not possible for the owner to take all the decisions himself within the time limit. Therefore, authority needs to be spread throughout the organisational hierarchy, so the respective departments can take their decisions on time and perform efficiently.
Delegation of authority means sharingMarks:1
authority with subordinates.
Explanation:When an authority to do a task is shared with the subordinates, it is called delegation of authority.
Scalar chain is also calledMarks:1
chain of command.
Explanation:Scalar chain is the relation between different designations of an organisation. This relation is also called chain of command.
The second function in the process of management isMarks:1
Explanation:After deciding a course of action to achieve organisational goals, it is necessary to design an organisation structure, which will enable effective and efficient achievement of those organisational goals. This act of designing organisation structure is called organising, which is done right after planning.