Size and Area of India
India lies in the southern part of Asia, and is separated by the Himalayas from the rest of the continent. It encompasses vast areas of diverse physical features. Geographically, India extends from the Himalayas to the Indian Ocean. Different physical features found in India are mountains, deserts, plains, plateaus, etc. Two most important climatic features in India are abundance sunshine from the tropical Sun and monsoonal rains. There are different seasons in India. India is considered as a subcontinent as it comprises all the characteristics of a continent. India extends from 8°4ʹ N to 37°6ʹ N latitude and 68°7ʹ E to 97°25ʹ E longitude. There is a variation of about 30° between these longitudes, which leads to a time difference of nearly two hours between the easternmost and the westernmost parts of the country. India covers 3.28 million sq km area and accounts for 2.4% of the world’s land surface. The mainland coastline of India is 6,100 km long. The coastlines of the Andaman and Nicobar, and Lakshadweep make the sea frontier 7,517 km long. The neighbouring countries of India are China, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Myanmar, and Bangladesh. India is located at the head of the Indian Ocean, and therefore commands trade routes in all directions. Location, size, and economic resources make it a dominating country. Indian Ocean is named after India. China is the third largest country in the world, with a total area of 95.97 lakh sq km. China shares its borders with India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Mongolia, Russia, Korea, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Afghanistan. China extends from 18°N to 54°N latitude and from 74°E to 135°E longitude. Australia is also known as island continent as it is surrounded by oceans from all sides. It has an area of 76,86,848 sq km. It lies wholly in the Southern Hemisphere. It extends from 10°S to 44°S latitudes and from 114° E to 154°E longitudes.
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