Study Of New Zealand
New Zealand is located in the South Pacific Ocean. Australia is the nearest neighbour of New Zealand. Tasman Sea separates it from Australia. New Zealand was first sighted by Dutch navigator Abel Tasman in 1642 AD, when he sailed his ship along the New Zealand coast. It comprises of two main islands, which are known as the North Island and the South Island. These islands are separated by Cook Strait. New Zealand is located between 34°S and 47°S latitudes and between 166°E and 178°E longitudes. The North and the South Islands of New Zealand are long and narrow. There are different physical features like mountains, plateaus, rivers, lakes, etc., present on both the islands. The main backbone of the islands is made up of a mountain range. The North Island experiences Mediterranean type of climate. It receives rain throughout the year. The South Island has British type of climate. Winters are not very cold here and it also experiences rain throughout the year. 25% of the land of New Zealand is covered by forests. Two main types of forest found here are Evergreen forests and Beech forests. New Zealand has many native birds. Kiwi, Tui and Bellbird are native to this country. Tuatara is a native pre-historic reptile that still lives in New Zealand. Natural Resources of New Zealand include: Mineral resources Forest resources Water resources Agriculture Animal rearing, and Dairy farming New Zealand is not much industrialized due to lack of minerals. Agro-based industries are more important here. Dairy products, wool and meat are the chief exports. All the four major modes of transport, i.e., roadways, railways, waterways and airways are well developed in New Zealand. The people of New Zealand include Maoris and Europeans. Maoris were the first settlers of New Zealand. They came from Polynesia in about 950 AD. They comprise 9% of the total population. Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch are some of the important cities of New Zealand.
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