A citizen is an active member of a political community like a nation-state. A nation-state grants certain rights to its members or ‘Citizens’ and expects certain duties from them. Progress of a country depends upon quality of its citizens. Citizenship is status of being a legal member of a country, with right to vote as well as right to hold government offices. It is our duty to be a good citizen; a good citizen safeguards national interests and rejects regional or sectarian interests. He promotes harmony and brotherhood and protects national property. According to the Citizenship Act 1955, a person born in India on or after 26th January 1950 is a citizen of India. In India, there is only single citizenship. There is no citizenship of States in India. Three ways of acquiring Indian citizenship are by registration, naturalization and by acquiring Persons of Indian Origin Card (PIO Card) or Overseas Citizenship of India Card (OCI Card). Indian citizenship by naturalization is applicable for foreigners who are Indian residents. Special status is given to Persons of Indian Origin living in some specified -countries. However, such citizens cannot vote or participate in elections. They are given OCI card with certain rights. Aliens are another type of citizens who do not live in a country permanently. However, during their stay in India, they enjoy certain rights such as right to life, right to property, right to worship and protection of law. An Indian citizen may lose his or her citizenship if he or she is proven to be disloyal to Constitution.
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