The Khalji Dynasty
Alauddin Khalji killed his uncle and became the Sultan of Delhi. He did some extraordinary military, administrative and economic reforms. Jalaluddin Khalji captured throne from the last Mamluk ruler. Taking advantage of Jalaluddin’s generosity, Alauddin, treacherously murdered him. He extended the boundaries of the Delhi Sultanate beyond the Vindhyas up to the Deccan. Malik Kafur was a slave who was bought from Gujarat. Alauddin initiated his Rajputana campaign by capturing the fort of Ranthambore and Chittor where jauhar was performed by Rajput women. He captured Mandu, Ujjain, Dhar and Malwa. Malik Kafur played an instrumental role in conquering. He defeated the rulers of Devagiri, Warangal, Dwarasmudra. Alauddin repulsed all the five Mongol invasions. Alauddin Khalji reorganized the army to lay the foundation of a permanent standing army. He started the checking of fraudulent practices and corruption in army by introducing the system of descriptive roll. He started the system of dagh or branding of horses. Alauddin set up separate markets for different commodities. He introduced market control policy by appointing shahna, a market controlling officer. Amir Khusrau, the famous Persian poet was supported by Alauddin Khalji. He constructed the Alai Darwaza, an entrance door to the Qutb Minar. He constructed the Siri Fort and the Place of A Thousand Pillars.
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