Coniferous forests are also known as Taiga, the Siberian or the cold Temperate Central Type.
Coniferous forests are located between 55°North and 70°North latitudes.
In North America, coniferous forests are distributed over the parts of southern Alaska and Canada.
In Eurasia, these forests cover parts of Scandinavian countries and, Russia from Baltic to Pacific coast.
Coniferous forest experiences the extreme continental climate, which is marked by cool and short summers, extremely cold and long winters, and low precipitation.
Vegetation of coniferous forests is dominated by conical trees. These forests have evergreen trees that do not shed their leaves.
Important trees are fir, pine, larch, spruce, hemlock, and cedar. These trees can survive in this climatic region due to many adaptations. These trees yield softwood used by various industries.
Wild life is limited due to severely cold winter and food shortage. Strong animals are found here, who have short ears and tails, and thick body fur.
Important large animals found in this region are caribou, moose, elk, and grizzly bear.
Important small animals found in this region are hares, weasels, squirrels, sable, ermine, and raccoon.
This region is sparsely populated due to harsh climatic conditions. Population consists of Native Americans and Siberians.
Large numbers of people are now moving to settle in the Taiga region due to development of resources and industrialisation.
Lumbering is an important activity in the region and is pursued during the winter season.
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