Four Ways to Boost Metacognition in Teens

BH - Metacognition

In the current situation, when ‘science can blur with wishes’ and ‘fact can blur with fiction’, students need to engage in deep yet meaningful learning that goes beyond the classroom. They will inhabit a world of constant change, but how do we help students to navigate the maze? If we need students to develop into lifelong learners, we need them to develop metacognitive skills.

The Power of Metacognition

Metacognition is crucial for helping students become self-directed learners and self-starters. It not only helps them navigate the difficulties of a changing world but, also, participate in creative work. In short, metacognition helps students prepare for anything – even eventualities we cannot predict! In this blog, we explore how to practice metacognitive skills as students encounter content that challenges their beliefs and assumptions in lives.

There are many ways to boost metacognition in teens, and the following are a few strategies that you might want to try out.

#1: Integrate Self-Assessment

A key part of the metacognitive cycle is when students engage in self-assessment to know about their strengths and weaknesses. Students can focus on their goals and know where they are in terms of mastery by surveys and self-reflection questions.

When students can ace the assessment process, they’ll be able to figure out:

  • knowledge gained previously
  • areas that need improvement
  • their goals, and
  • the action plan

#2: Practice Visualization

A priority should be to nourish students’ brains to think deeply and critically about the world outside of school, engaging them in approaching real-world challenges. To get students to think about and engage with life, visualization is required to accomplish their task. Focussing on better results that will prepare students with the essential skills for inventing, problem-solving, and designing possibilities that address future challenges needs to be at the centre of school years.

#3: Incorporate Project Management

Project management is a skill that gets better over time. As students learn how to break apart assignments and map their progress, they develop improved metacognition. They absorb how to revise their initial layouts and troubleshoot when they hit a wall.

Following are the key components of project management:

  • Set goals and chart progress
  • Break down tasks and set deadlines
  • Choose and implement specific strategies
  • Monitor, adjust and problem-solve


#4: Allow Mistakes and Reward Risk-Taking Decisions

Students will develop metacognitive skills when they are allowed to make mistakes and learn from them. Students’ mindset and attitude have a strong influence on metacognition. Schools or parents reward children for getting the right answer, but if they are allowed to make mistakes or take creative risks, they see learning as iterative and tend to identify their strengths and weaknesses. Furthermore, they are more likely to evaluate and improve their work and to ask for feedback in a space that feels safe.

When teachers support their students, they help them improve their metacognitive skills. That is why it is important to integrate metacognition, especially in teens. The more children will understand their learning process, the easier it will be to figure out what strategies work for them – both now and when they grow up.