by extramarks - Academics - August 15, 2020June 30, 2021 The Tale of Unsung Heroes: Lesser Known Freedom Fighters Who Were Just as Crucial in India’s Freedom Struggle! Back when India was crumbling under the reign of the British, the price of freedom was life. Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Azad, Rani Laxmibai and so many more laid down their lives for the sake of their motherland! However, some lesser known freedom fighters’ names have been blurred from the books of history! Many laid down their lives and soul for the cause of seeing Bharat Mata free, if not in their lifetime then for future generations! This blog is dedicated to the lesser known freedom fighters of India whose names have been lost in the golden pages of history: Kartar Singh Sarabha The chief architect of the Ghadar Revolution is someone who Bhagat Singh considered his Guru. Sarabha went to US for studies and came back and set up the Ghadar Party in 1913. His aim was to initiate a mutiny in the British Indian Army but he fell prey to the betrayal of an insider and was eventually arrested and hanged. Alluri Sitaram Raju Raju was born to a prosperous Kshatriya family but he left everything for the cause of Indian freedom. Between 1922-24, he led the important Rampa Rebellion against the British with the help of tribal people. Often referred to as the Manyam Veerudu (Hero of the Jungles) by the locals, he sought to free the nation as he was deeply affected by the plight of tribals in the Agency areas as they were being harassed under the Forest Act. Raju was eventually killed by the British in the jungles in 1924 but his name will remain etched forever in the history of India’s freedom struggle. Kanaklata Barua Kanaklata Barua, better known as Birbala, was an Indian freedom fighter from Assam. She participated in the Quit India Movement crucially and stood chiefly at the head of the women volunteers’ line with the National Flag in her hand. Her aim was to hoist the national flag at the British dominated Gohpur Police Station by shouting slogans against the British but was shot along with several other volunteers at the age of 18! Pingali Venkayya Only a handful would know that Venkayya designed the Indian National Flag! Before Independence, many flags were being used by different groups. To unite the forces and efforts, Venkayya designed one version of the flag for Indian National Congress which later became the Indian Flag with minor changes (post-Independence). Forgotten by everyone, Venkayya died in poverty in 1963.. Lakshmi Sahgal Lakshmi Sahgal aka Captain Lakshmi was a former Indian Army Officer and she first picked up the gun for the Indian National Army (INA) which was founded by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. She was given the responsibility of establishing and leading the Rani of Jhansi Regiment, that had only women soldiers. Surya Sen Surya Sen was a learned scholar. He is best known for leading the Chittagong armory raid in the 1930s. He evaded the British Army for a long time but was eventually arrested and tortured inhumanely, to which he succumbed. Gopal Krishna Gokhale Gokhale was a mathematics professor whose beliefs matched those of Bal Gangadhar Tilak. He was an advocate of developing Indian society through education and successfully founded the Servants of India Society. He kept working towards raising awareness and expanding education in India till his death in 1915. Rani Gaidinliu Rani Gaidinliu is a pivotal name among the North Eastern freedom fighters. She initiated a religious movement that later transformed into a nationalist movement on a large scale and Rani Gaidinliu was arrested when she was just 16! Jawaharlal Nehru himself gave her the title of Rani and immortalized her in the history of India’s freedom struggle. Begum Hazrat Mahal One of the rare women who participated in the rebellion of 1957 against the British, Begum Hazrat Mahal is a force to be reckoned with. After her husband died, she took charge of Lucknow and is still remembered for her bravery against the vicious reign of the British. Madan Lal Dhingra Dhingra was born in a prosperous family that had good relations with the British, but he wasn’t like them and slowly developed a mounting hatred for the British Raj. He assassinated Sir William Hutt Curzon Wyllie in London for which he was eventually hanged. In their stories of valour lie the foundations of our land. Let’s take a moment to salute them today!