by extramarks - Academics - September 27, 2018 This #WorldTourismDay, trace India’s historical timeline digitally. Every year, 27th September is internationally observed as the World Tourism Day by the United Nations World Tourism Organisation. This day is celebrated with the purpose of raising awareness about the role of tourism and its social, cultural, economic and political effects worldwide. Every year, the UNWTO decides on a theme for this day to highlight the recent trends in tourism. This year’s theme for World Tourism Day is ‘Tourism and the Digital Transformation.’ The use of technologies such as, ‘Internet of Things,’ artificial intelligence, location-based services, and augmented & virtual reality have made tourism more attractive, inclusive and socially, environmentally and economically sustainable. Many innovations have also facilitated historical exploration, making it more experiential, interactive and fun. India is a country of rich cultural heritage, boasting of hundreds of rulers of both Indian and foreign descent. A melting pot of different religions, cultures and traditions, India is home to many tourist attractions that are visited by millions of people from around the world. In 2017, 10.18 million foreign tourists arrived in India, generating an income of 180,379 crores in foreign exchange. The country boasts of 37 UNESCO World Heritage Sites and 1 of the 7 wonders of the world, Taj Mahal. Here’s a brief look at the history of India through the prominent historical monuments from different eras: LOTHAL – Built during India’s very first civilisation, the Harappa Civilisation (3300-1300 BC), this ancient site is situated in present-day Gujarat. Lothal was a thriving trade centre and had the world’s earliest known dock on the banks of the Sabarmati river. Today, you can visit these ruins and the various objects like potteries, jewelry and toys pertaining to this period. 1. SANCHI STUPA – Situated in Madhya Pradesh, this Buddhist monument was built by Emperor Ashoka of the Maurya empire (322-180 BC). It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, where you can see the relics of Lord Buddha and many of his followers. It is a revered site for archaeologists and scholars studying the Mauryan and Buddhist era. 2. NALANDA –Nalanda was built by the Guptas (319-590 CE) as a Buddhist monastery where scholars and students from around the world came to study the Vedas. The ruins of Nalanda still exist in Bihar and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 3. QUTUB MINAR – In the 13th century, Delhi was invaded by many foreign dynasties, the first of which was the Slave Dynasty (1206-1290 CE), founded by Qutub-ud-din Aibak. Qutub Minar, established by Aibak, is the world’s tallest minaret made of bricks with 5 superposed storeys. This minaret is part of the Qutub Complex, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, that also houses other historical monuments like the Quwat-ul-Islam Mosque and the much older Iron Pillar. 4. TAJ MAHAL – The Lodhis were followed by the Mughals (1526-1857), who ruled most of India. Taj Mahal is one of the most popular Mughal monuments in India. Commissioned by Shah Jahan, it is an ivory-white marble mausoleum built in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. 5. VICTORIA MEMORIAL – The British Rule (1858-1947) introduced modern architecture and technology to India. They built various palaces and buildings, one of which is the Victoria Memorial in Kolkata, a memorial monument to Queen Victoria and a national gallery. Other popular monuments of that period are India Gate, Rashtrapati Bhavan and the Parliament House. Like captured in the theme of the day, the landscape of tourism is going through a major transformation through digital integration. The same is the case with education. Extramarks is at the forefront of this transformation, where it has incorporated digital technologies like AR/VR and gamification in education, hence simplifying concepts and making dull subjects like history, more engaging and interesting. Even if you cannot get travelling today, delve into the fascinating world of heritage and monuments with Extramarks, right from the comfort of your home.