NCERT Solutions For Class 7 History Social Science Chapter 8 : Devotional Paths to the Divine

Q:

What were the major teachings of Baba Guru Nanak?

A:

(i)  Baba Guru Nanak emphasized the importance of the worship of one God.

(ii)  He insisted that caste, creed or gender was irrelevant for attaining liberation.

(iii)  His idea of liberation was not that of a state of inert ecstasy but rather the pursuit of active life with a strong sense of social commitment.

(iv)  He himself used the terms nam, dan and isnan for the essence of his teaching, which actually meant right worship, welfare of others and purity of conduct.

 

 

Q:

Why do you think many teachers rejected prevalent religious beliefs and practices?

A:

(i) Many teachers rejected prevalent religious beliefs and practices because it sustained social differences in the society.

(ii) The religious scriptures of the period argued that all human beings were not equal even at birth.

(iii) Those teachings supported the upper caste people and lower caste people were victims.

(iv) However, the teachers believed in equality of God and wanted to eradicate the evils of the society.

(v) They taught the masses that the bondage can be broken by approaching the Supreme God with devotion (bhakti).

Q:

What were the major beliefs and practices of the Sufis?

A:

(i) Sufis were Muslim mystics.

(ii) They rejected outward religiosity and emphasised love and devotion to God and compassion towards all fellow human beings.

(iii) Islam propagated strict monotheism or submission to one God. It also rejected idol worship and simplified rituals of worship into collective prayers.

(v) At the same time, Muslim scholars developed a holy law called Shariat.

(vi) The Sufis rejected the elaborate rituals and codes of behaviour demanded by the Shariat law.

(vii) They sought union with God much as a lover seeks his beloved with a disregard for the world.

Q:

What were the major ideas expressed by Kabir? How did he express these?

A:

(i) Kabir’s teachings completely, strongly rejected the major religious traditions.

(ii) His ideas openly ridiculed all forms of external worship of both Brahmanical Hinduism and Islam, the pre-eminence of the priestly classes and the caste system.

(iii) He believed in a formless Supreme God and preached that the only path to salvation was through Bhakti (devotion).

(iv) His followers were from both Hindus and Muslims.

(v) He expressed his poetry in a form of spoken Hindi widely understood by ordinary people.

(vi) He also sometimes used a difficult cryptic language.

 

 

Q:

Describe the beliefs and practices of the Nathpanthis, Siddhas and Yogis.

A:

(i) The Nathpanthis, Siddhacharas and Yogis criticised the ritual and superstitious aspects of conventional religion and the social order, with clear logical arguments. 

(ii) They advocated renunciation of the world.

(iii) To them the path to salvation lay in meditation on the formless Ultimate Reality and the realisation of oneness with it.

(iv) To achieve this, they advocated intense training of the mind and body through practices like yogasanas, breathing exercises and meditation.

(v) Most of their followers were from the so-called “low” caste communities. 

(vi) Their criticism of conventional religion paved way for the emergence of the devotional religion as a popular force in northern India.

Q:

(a) Shankara was an advocate of _________. (b) Ramanuja was influenced by _________. (c) __________ , __________and __________ were advocates of Virashaivism. (d) _________ was an important centre of the Bhakti tradition in Maharashtra.

A:

(a) Shankara was an advocate of Advaita.

(b) Ramanuja was influenced by the Alvars.

(c) Basavanna, Allama Prabhu and Akkamahadevi were advocates of Virashaivism.

(d) Pandharpur was an important centre of the Bhakti tradition in Maharashtra.

Q:

Why do you think ordinary people preserved the memory of Mirabai?

A:

(i) Mirabai’s songs openly challenged the norms of the “upper” castes and became popular with the ordinary people in the regions of Rajasthan and Gujarat.

(ii) Her songs were composed in regional languages and were sung by the masses.

(iii) They became immensely popular and were handed down orally from generation to generation.

(iv) Usually the poorest, most deprived communities and women transmitted these songs, often adding their own experiences.

(v) Thus the songs of Mirabai are the creation of the saints and the ordinary people who sang them.

Q:

For either the Virashaivas or the sants of Maharashtra, discuss their attitude towards caste.

A:

The Virashaivas’ attitude towards caste:

(i)  Virashaiva movement was initiated by Basavanna and his companions like Allama Prabhu and Akkamahadevi.

(ii)  This movement began in Karnataka in the mid-twelfth century.

(iii)  The Virashaivas argued strongly for the equality of all human beings and against Brahmanical ideas about caste and the ill-treatment of women.

(iv)  They were also against all forms of ritual and idol worship.

Q:

Match the following: The Buddha namghar Shankaradeva worship of Vishnu Nizamuddin Auliya questioned social differences Nayanars Sufi saint Alvars worship of Shiva

A:

The Buddha                         questioned social differences

Shankaradeva                      namghar

Nizamuddin Auliya              Sufi saint

Nayanars                             worship of Shiva

Alvars                                  worship of Vishnu

Benefits of NCERT Solutions

Following are some of the benefits of using NCERT Solutions by Extramarks.

1. The NCERT solutions for class 7 are prepared keeping in mind the necessary rules and format issued by the CBSE board thus providing students much-needed preview of the exam pattern of questions and preview of the exam that they are going to face during the final exams.

2. The students can be sure about the quality of the solutions as they are committed by highly experienced and expert teachers. These teachers have years of experience and they make sure that there is no mistake committed when preparing the solutions.

3. The NCERT 7 solutions are provided for the questions that are most likely to appear in the exam thus improving the efficiency of the students by helping them prepare for the important parts of the syllabus.

Tips & Strategies for Class 7 Exam Preparation

1. Start your revision early so you can revise well and grasp all the difficult concepts.

2. Organize your study time by making a timetable as it will help you manage your time accordingly.

3. Take mock tests and solve sample papers as they will help you learn time management during the exam and make you familiar with the exam pattern.

4. Take regular breaks, look after yourself by sleeping properly and eating well.

5. Know your exam well, explore the mock tests, and practice sample papers as much as you can.

Why Choose Extramarks CBSE Class 7 Study Materials?

1. The solutions have been compiled keeping in mind the purpose of scoring high marks in exams thus they have everything that the students need to prepare for exams.
2. The NCERT solutions for class 7 are designed in a clear and simple language complete with diagrams so that the students understand the subject well.
3. The NCERT 7 solutions are accurate thus improving their reliability.
4. The solutions are designed by expert and experienced teachers that help in removing all doubts out of the solutions and improving the credibility of the answers.

Frequently Asked Questions

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Is class 7 Math NCERT book sufficient for prepare for the exams?

Yes, the NCERT book has been designed keeping in mind the pattern of paper that will be presented in the exam to students. The NCERT book is sufficient to study for the exam as it has everything related to the exam and contains all information out of which the questions will be asked in the exam. But if you want to prepare a little bit extra, we suggest that you go through the NCERT class 7 solutions.

When to refer to NCERT solutions for class 7th?

When you are studying the NCERT book for math and other subjects for your class 7 exams, refer to the NCERT class 7 solutions simultaneously so you can see where you are going wrong and what are you getting right in your exercises’ attempt.

Why are the NCERT solutions important for Class 7th?

The class 7th is very crucial as it is among the major middle school classes during which the child’s base is formed in math and science and even in other subjects like English. Thus, it is students must study smartly in this class and ace their exams while getting all the help they need from the NCERT 7 solutions given by Extramarks.

Can I rely on the NCERT solutions for class 7 Math at Extramarks to perform well in the annual exam?

Yes, absolutely. The NCERT solutions provided by Extramarks for class 7 are eloquent and elaborate at best and are thus useful for students studying for the final exams of class 7. The students will have many questions and doubts regarding the NCERT solutions for class 7 and this is why the solutions have been elaborated well to help students understand the answers to exercises.

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Yes, the NCERT solutions for Math and other subjects for class 7 are available for free from Extramarks.

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