People of all ages are fascinated by stories. Since prehistoric times man has practiced the art of telling stories. Children and the old people alike never missed a chance to listen to any of the famous stories. Many stories are etched in human mind. A story is an account of imaginary or real people and events told for entertainment. Elements of a story A story has five important elements. Theme In modern literary studies, a theme is the central topic, subject, or concept, the writer is trying to reveal. A theme can be based on the following • Moral- A moral is a message conveyed or a lesson to be learnt from a story or event. • Highlighting Characters -In character based stories, the character is believed to represent an idea, belief, or values. • Highlighting Incidents - An incident is a definite and separate occurrence or an event. • Ideas or Philosophies - A lot of stories are written based on philosophy (social, political or religious). Setting The location of the actions, along with the time, context, and atmosphere in which it occurs, is the setting. The setting comprises of the following elements • Time • Location • Context • Atmosphere • Details The Plot A plot is just the sequence of events providing conflict within a story. A plot has the following elements • Exposition • Rising Action • Crisis • Climax • Falling action • Resolution Characters Memorable characters come alive for us while we read a story. The story revolves around the protagonist and antagonist. Protagonist A protagonist is the main character in a literary work, with whom the readers empathize Antagonist An antagonist is a character, group of characters, institution, ideologies etc. that symbolizes the opposition against which the hero must compete. Narration of the Story Narrative Point of View Narrative point of view determines through whose perspective the story is viewed. First Person View The first person point of view is the most intimate way of narrating a story in which the story is told by a narrator who is also a character in the story. Second Person View In second person the story is told from the “you” view point in which the narrator refers to one of the characters as “you.” Third Person View In this mode each and every character is referred as “he”, “she”, “it” or “they”. It is to be noted that “I” or “you” is not usually used. All of us are natural story tellers. If we practice writing stories according the guidelines, we can improve this wonderful skill.

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