Climate

India is a unique country in terms of its diversities. It has variations in vegetation, soil, physical and cultural features. These diversities are directly influenced by its climate.

The average weather conditions usually taken over a 30 year time period for a particular region is known as the climate of that region. Factors affecting the climate of a region are temperature, precipitation, pressure, wind direction and velocity, humidity and percentage of cloudiness and sunshine.

Climate of India is described as the monsoon type. It is mainly found in the South and the Southeast Asia. India is the land of great climatic variations. India’s climate is controlled by factors related to location and relief and, factors related to air pressure and wind. The climatic conditions of India can best be described in the terms of an annual cycle of four seasons namely The winter season or cold weather season The summer season or hot weather season The rainy season or south-western monsoon season, and The retreating monsoon season Monsoon plays an important role in India as it affects the life of the people and economy of the country. The rainfall distribution in India has great spatial variations from the areas of high rainfall to areas of inadequate rainfall. The whole of India has monsoon type of climate but the combination of weather elements reveals regional variations. On this basis, Koeppen identified different climatic regions of India. Thus, the climate of India not only show diversity in terms of food, clothes and culture but also, emphasises on the unity of India with the rest of the South-east Asian region.

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