India - Location

India is located in the south-central part of Asia. The mainland of India extends from Kashmir in the North to Kanyakumari in the South and Arunachal Pradesh in the East to Gujarat in the West. India extends from 8° North to 37° North latitudes. The Tropic of Cancer divides India into almost two equal halves.

The latitudinal location of India is responsible for the large variations in its climate, soil types, natural vegetation and landforms. India lies between the longitudes 68° East and 97° East. There is a variation of nearly 30 degrees between 68 degree 7 minutes East and 97 degree 25 minutes East longitudes.

The longitudinal extent causes a time difference of nearly two hours between the easternmost and the westernmost parts of the country. To overcome the problem of huge time difference within the same country, the 82½° East longitude, which passes through the middle of India, is taken as the Indian Standard Meridian.

India accounts for 2.4 % of the world’s land surface and covers 3.28 million sq. km area. India is the seventh largest country in the world. Geographically, India extends from the Himalayas to the Indian Ocean. The Indian subcontinent includes the countries Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and India.

The peninsular part of India extends towards the Indian Ocean. This has provided the country with a coastline of 6,100 km in the mainland. The length of the coastlines of the Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep makes the sea frontier 7517 km. This maritime location of the Peninsular India has provided links to its neighbouring regions through the sea, and air routes.

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