‘Homophones’ are words that have the same pronunciation but different spellings or meanings. The words may be spelled the same, such as rose (flower) and rose (past tense of "rise"), or differently, such as carat, caret, and carrot, or to, two, and too.

Homophones that are spelled the same are called homographs or homonyms. Homophones that are spelled differently are called heterographs. Homophones are often used to create puns and to deceive the reader or to suggest multiple meanings.

Look at the following homophones and learn their spellings and usage: Fare- the sum paid by a passenger; fair- unbiased, just. You may take note of the following sentences to grasp their differences in the meanings. What is the train fare to Durban? (fare refer to the sum in this context) Her dealings are not fair. (The meaning of fair in this context is “impartial or just”)

Formally- in accordance with rules and customs; formerly- previously. The offer was not made formally. (as per the rules). He taught in Delhi University formerly. (earlier). Human – pertaining to man; humane – kind, benevolent. To err is human. The humane treatment of prisoners is now advocated by all.

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