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Harappans consumed many crops and animals, both domesticated and wild species. They ploughed fields using oxen. Harappan city of Mohenjodaro was divided into a citadel and lower town. The citadel had prominent structures like the Great Bath. The lower town had several buildings, including houses. A well-planned drainage system carried waste water from houses to drains. Harappan artifacts were objects of daily use. They also used luxury items that were rarely available. Harappan beads were made of various materials. Harappans transported goods through land and sea. As they believed in afterlife, they buried their dead with objects of daily use. Harappans had contact with distant lands, with which they traded goods. Harappan script is still undeciphered. Harappan weights, made of stones in cubical shape, weighed goods to regulate exchange. Several opinions have been given on nature of ancient authority in Harappan cities. Harappans worshipped a mother goddess, mythical creatures, and a God regarded as a proto-Shiva. Around 1800 BCE, many Harappan sites were abandoned, due to several possible reasons. Sir Alexander Cunningham first discovered Harappa city through ancient Chinese and Buddhist pilgrim texts. Later, John Marshall, director-general of Archaelogical Survey of India, announced discovery of ancient Harappa to the World. Later, Wheeler used military-like precision to excavate Harappa. After partition of India, major Harappan sites are now in Pakistan. But many Harappan sites have been found in India. Excavation of Harappan cities, by Daya Ram Sahni and R. D. Bannerjee reveal more about Harappan civilisation.

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