Security in the Contemporary world
Security implies freedom from threats. Security only relates to extremely dangerous threats- threats that could so endanger core values that those values would be damaged beyond repair. In traditional view of external security most threats to a country’s security come from outside its borders. Government has three vital preferences to tackle a threat of war either to submit or to prevent or to defend. Important components of security are deterrence, defence, balance of power and Building alliances. In traditional notion of internal security recognize that if there is no peace and order within the state then no one is secured. The newly independent countries are more concerned about internal security because they face problems like separatist movements, terrorism etc. Between 1946 to 1991 there was twelve fold rise in the number of civil wars.
Traditional security recognizes the importance of cooperation in limiting the violence. War should be the last alternative. Cooperation means the interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest. The disarmament, arms control and confidence building are various measures of cooperation.
Non-Traditional notions of security go beyond military threats to include a wide range of threats and dangers affecting the conditions of human existence. Non-traditional views of security have been called ‘human security’ of ‘global security’. Human security is about the protection of people more than the protection of states. Global security deals with food security, energy security, a clean environment and good governance. The Idea of global security emerged in response to global nature of threats such as global warming, migration, international terrorism and health epidemics etc. The actors who can help the cause of international cooperation are international organizations, non-governmental organizations, trade unions, Associations, Private foundations and great personalities. Components of India’s security strategy are to strengthen military capabilities and strengthen international norms and institutions to protect its security interests. Develop the economy for Upliftment of vast mass of citizens.
Keywords: - Arms Race, Kyoto Protocol, Sustainable Development