Adjectives are words that describe or modify other words. They can identify or quantify another person or thing in the sentence. Adjectives are usually positioned before the noun or the pronoun that they modify. Example: They live in a beautiful house.
The different kinds of adjectives are as follows:
Adjective of Quality show the quality or state of the being or thing named.
Adjective of Quantity tell us the number (how many) or amount (how much) of a noun.
Adjective of Number express the number of persons or things.
Demonstrative Adjectives are used to point out or indicate a particular noun or pronoun using the adjectives - This, That, These and Those.
Distributive Adjectives are formed from distributive pronouns (each, either, neither etc.)
Interrogative Adjectives are used with nouns to ask questions.
Exclamatory Adjectives are used to indicate a strong emotion regarding the proceeding noun.
Possessive Adjectives modify the noun following it in order to show possession.
We may form adjectives from noun by changing its spelling and adding suffixes to it. Example: Beauty + ful = Beautiful, Silk + en = Silken etc.
Adjectives are of three degrees. : Positive, which denotes the mere existence of quality, Comparative, which is used to compare two persons or things having the same quality and Superlative, which is used when more than two persons or things are compared. Example: high-higher-highest, good-better-best, etc.
Certain rules can be applied in order to interchange these degrees of comparison without changing the meaning of the sentence. Example:
Alice is tall. - Positive
Alice is taller than her younger brother. - Comparative
Alice is the tallest among her siblings. - Superlative