Synthesis of Sentences

The combination of sentences is termed as synthesis of sentences. Synthesis is a process by which a number of simple sentences are combined into one new sentence, be it simple, compound, complex or mixed.

The three chief ways to combine two or more sentences are as follows:

1. Combination of simple sentences into a single simple sentence: This can be done in the following ways.

a) By using participles

E.g. I failed in my exams. I disappointed my parents.  Having failed in exams, I disappointed my parents.

b) By using nouns or gerunds

E.g. She did not get the job. She has made every effort.  With all her efforts, she did not get the job.

c) By using absolute phrases

E.g. The day dawned. The people went to the Ganga.  The day having dawned, the people went to the Ganga.

d) By using nouns or phrases in apposition

E.g. Mr. Smith is my boss. He always speaks the truth.  Mr. Smith, my boss, always speaks the truth

e) By using adverbs or adverbial phrases

E.g. He will win the first prize. This is certain. He will certainly win the first prize.

f) By using infinitives

E.g. I went to the US. I had to appear for an interview.  I went to the US to appear for an interview.

2. Combination of two or more simple sentences into a single compound sentence.

3. Combination of two or more simple sentences into a single complex sentence.

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