Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War
Chandragupta founded the Mauryan dynasty. Chanakya or Kautilya was a Brahmin scholar who had a personal grudge against Dhana Nanda. Arthshastra was written by Chanakya. Indika is an important source for Mauryan Empire written by Megasthenes, a Greek ambassador sent by Greek ruler, Seleucus Nicator. Chandragupta Maurya was succeeded by Bindusara. He extended empire up to Mysore and was succeeded by his son, Ashoka.
Ashoka was the first king to speak directly to people through inscriptions. He strictly followed the principles of Dhamma. Ashokan edicts are royal commands or proclamations. Officials known as Mahamatta were appointed to carry administrative work. Ashoka’s decision of dhammavijya has no parallel in history. Empire was divided into five provinces: Uttarapath, Prachyapath, Avantipath, Dakshinapath, Magadha. Royal capital was based at Pataliputra. Royal prince served head of provincial administration and was aided additionally by Council of Ministers
The Mauryan Empire collapsed around 2200 years ago. Several new kingdoms came up in place. Sungas were followed by Kanvas. Indo-Greeks, who ruled north-west and parts of North India, were followed by Shakas. Satavahanas, rulers of Western India, fought various battles with Shakas. Satavahana rule lasted for 400 years. In Southern India, Cholas, Cheras and Pandyas ruled around 2200 to 1800 years ago. Chalukyas and Pallavas were other large kingdoms around 1500 years ago in Southern India.