Diversity and Discrimination
Diversity means “variety” and “being different”. Diversity is a product of different geography, culture and history. Lack of tolerance to differences may lead to conflict in society.
70% of Indians live in villages and are engaged in agriculture and other primary jobs like hunting, gathering, producing and craft making.
In cities, lifestyle and daily expenditure vary, and people like to have privacy. Families spend less time with each other.
Some of prevailing stereotypes describe the rural people as ignorant and superstitious, and some of fixed-opinions about the urban people are that they are selfish and money-minded.
Prejudice means unfavorable opinion or feeling formed before hand or without knowledge, thought or reason.
When we fix an image to a person or a group we create a stereotype. There are positive and negative gender stereotypes about boys about girls.
A common stereotype about Muslims is that they are not interested in educating girls. On the contrary, poverty is the reason for poor literacy rate among them.
Discrimination is when someone is treated worse than other people because of their gender, race, disability, colour, nationality, religion and age.
Economic disparity or inequality is caused by exploitation in the redistribution of wealth and income.
Economically weaker sections contribute to the economy through labour for low wages.
Caste discrimination is one of forms of discriminations. In India, “Untouchables” are victims of the caste practice.
Dr B.R. Ambedkar fought against caste discrimination. He was also the Chairperson of the Drafting Committee of the Constituent Assembly.
Violence against minority communities is a common feature in India. Physically-disabled people are also discriminated in public places.
Indian Constitution guarantees the right to equality to all the citizens of India.