From Hunting–Gathering to Growing Food

The availability of food gives rise to regional difference (plants and animals). Warmer climate extended opportunity for the increase in food availability for the people. There was development of grassland and increase in the number of herbivorous animals. The practice of adaptation or keeping of an animal or plant, through breeding turned advantageous to humans. Domestication led to herding. Animals were reared with care as they provided milk and meat. Wool and skin were obtained from these animals that helped people to protect themselves from cold weather. Human influence transformed wild plants and animals. Early farmers and herders are found in Burzahom, Mehrgarh, Koldhiwa, Mahagara, Chirand, Daojali Hading, Hallur, Paiyampalli.

Neolithic age marked the growth of settled communities. It encouraged use of polished tools and use of pottery. Neolithic age was more sedentary and showed a relatively more settled life as compared to the previous age or Paleolithic age. Burzahom is located in Kashmir near Srinagar. Some of the tribe members were fishermen, hunters, gatherers or growers. Tribes have their own language, folk tales, paintings, dance style and festivals. Mehrgarh near Bolan Pass in Baluchistan shows evidence of earliest agriculturist settlement. Daojali Hading is situated in the North Cachar hills near Brahamputra Valley.

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