Rural Administration

At the top of the Structure of Panchayati Raj is Zila Parishad (District Level). Each Zila is divided into Block Samiti (Block level). Each Block has several Panchayats (Village Level) and Community Level (Gram Sabhas). Rural area is characterised by agricultural economy, with small-scale industry – cotton and jute. People in villages enjoy greater inter-dependence with deep-rooted traditional values. In the District Administration, district is the basic unit of administration. Deputy Commissioner is the head of district administration. He serves as District Collector and District Magistrate. He is assisted by Additional Deputy Commissioner.

Sub-divisional Officers (Civil) and Tehsildar, who supervises Patwari/Lekhpal, are other administrative officers. The Khasra record of the Patwari gives information about lands owned by individuals in villages. Land revenue system in villages is based on complete survey and assessment by Patwari. He conducts field harvest inspections in months of October, February and April. People in villages approach their local police station, under the control of Station House Officer or S.H.O. for their law and order problem. Hindu Succession Amendment Act came into force in September 2005. Under this, a daughter, by birth, in her own right, inherits her father’s property in the same manner as son. Hence, she has same property rights as the son.

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