What, Where, How and When?
We study history for a variety of reasons. By knowing the human past, we can easily reconstruct history. Many groups of people lived in a society. Wheat and Barley were first grown by the inhabitants of Sulaiman and Kirthar approximately 8000 years ago. Agriculture gradually developed in the Garo hills and in the Vindhyas in Central India. The Indus valley civilization emerged on the banks of river Indus about 4700 years ago. There were a variety of reasons as to why humans travelled. Humans travelled in search for food, to conquer new areas, to preach religious ideas, etc. For example, Alexander the Great, invaded India in 326 BC to occupy more territories.
The word India comes from the term ‘Indus’, called Sindhu in Sanskrit. Historical evidence show that Iranians and the Greeks came to India from northwest about 2500 years ago. They described the areas east of the Indus as Hindos or the Indos. The word Bharata was used for a group of people living in the North-western part of the sub-continent. Manuscripts were written on a palm leaf or on the bark. Some of the manuscripts were written in Prakrit, Sanskrit and Tamil.
Archaeologists look for bones of animals, birds and fish to find out what people ate in the past and to reconstruct history. Historians are scholars who study the past. They use manuscripts, inscriptions and archaeological sources to gather information. Dates have played a crucial role in the development of historical past.