Adverbs

Adverbs are used to modify or describe verbs. An adverb also modifies the meaning of an adjective or another adverb. For example, study the following sentences:

Lucy is very careful. (Careful – adjective) She drives carefully. (Carefully – adverb) There are different types of adverbs: Adverb of time – It tells us when an action occurs. Adverb of place – It tells us where an action occurs. Adverb of manner – It tells us how an action occurs. Adverb of degree – It tells us to what degree action occurs. Adverb of condition – It tells us the condition needed before the main idea comes into effect. Adverbs of concession – It contrasts with the main idea. Adverb of reason – It gives a reason for the main idea.

Like adjectives, adverbs too can have comparative and superlative forms to show degrees. The comparative form of an adverb is the form that shows that someone or something has more of a quality than they previously had or more of it than someone or something else has. For example, ‘faster’ is the comparative form of the adverb ‘fast.’ Similarly, a superlative adverb is one that expresses the greatest degree of a particular quality. For example, ‘most quietly’ is the superlative form of the adverb ‘quietly.’ Moreover, some adverbs have irregular comparative and superlative forms. See for example: Well---better---best.

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