Figures of Speech

Figures of speech is expressing thoughts or feelings in a remarkable way that intentionally differs from the ordinary mode of speech, in order to add emotional intensity or beauty as perceived by the speaker. The effective use of figures of speech enhances any form of writing. It brings beauty, emphasis and clarity to what could have been just a mundane rendition.

There are many types of figures of speech that add flavour to writing such as, similes, metaphors, personification, alliteration, metonymy, apostrophe, pun and rhetorical questions.

A simile describes likeness between two objects using ‘like’ or ‘as.’ A metaphor is used where comparison is implied between two unlike things that have something in common. Personification is when an inanimate object or abstraction is endowed with human qualities or abilities. Alliteration is a repetition of the initial consonant sounds. Metonymy is the substitution of one word for another object or idea which it suggests. Apostrophe is a device by which a speaker begins to address an inanimate object or an audience other than the one to which he/ she is speaking. Pun involves a word play which suggests two or more meaning, by exploiting multiple meanings of words for an intended humorous or rhetorical effect. A rhetorical question is a question wherein the answer is more than obvious.

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