The Sentence

A sentence is a group of words that makes complete sense. It has two parts- the Subject and the Predicate. The subject is the doer or agent of the action in a sentence. It is usually about the state, quality, condition or position of the subject.

The predicate on the other hand is the verb and the other associated words. It can also be differentiated as all the words in the sentence other than the subject. The predicate is usually preceded by the subject and describes or talks about it..

For Example….The boy laughed loudly. Here, “The boy” is the Subject and “laughed loudly” is the predicate. There are four kinds of sentences:

a) Assertive Sentence b) Interrogative Sentence c) Imperative Sentence d) Exclamatory Sentence

A sentence that states, asserts or declares something is called an Assertive Sentence. Assertive sentences begin with a subject and end with a full stop. For Example: This is a beautiful flower.

A sentence that asks a question, makes an enquiry or solicits an answer is called an Interrogative Sentence. Interrogative sentences begin with a question word or an auxiliary verb and end with a question mark. For Example: Isn’t this a beautiful flower?

A sentence that solicits an action or response or asks to do something is called an Imperative Sentence. Imperative Sentences begin either with ‘Please’ or ‘Kindly’ or just with a Verb and end with a Full Stop. For Example: Please don’t throw this beautiful flower.

A sentence that expresses a sudden feeling like a surprise or shock is called an Exclamatory Sentence. Exclamatory sentences begin with a question word and end with a sign of exclamation. Unlike a question, the auxiliary comes after the subject. How beautiful this flower is!

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