Weather, Climate and Adaptations of Animals to Climate

The day-to-day condition of the atmosphere at a place with respect to the temperature, humidity, rainfall, wind-speed, etc., is called the weather at that place.

Weather report carries information about the maximum temperature, minimum temperature, humidity and rainfall during the past 24 hours. All changes in the weather are caused by the sun.

Variations of weather in a region over long period of time are termed as climate.

Hot and dry regions receive least amount of rainfall. They are called desert.

North western regions of India are wet as they receive maximum amount of rainfall.

The tropical and the Polar Regions are the two regions of the Earth, which have severe climatic conditions.

Animals are adapted to the conditions in which they live.

The Polar Regions are very cold throughout the year.

Animals in the Polar Region have some special characteristics like white fur, strong sense of smell, a layer of fat under the skin, wide and large paws for swimming and walking, etc.

Examples of animals living in polar region are: Polar bear, penguin etc. Migration is another means to escape the harsh, cold conditions.

In India these birds migrate at Bharatpur in Rajasthan and Sultanpur in Haryana and some other parts of India.

Because of the hospitable climatic conditions, huge populations of plants and animals are found in the tropical rainforests.

Animals in the tropical rainforests are adapted such that they eat different kinds of food to overcome the competition for food and shelter. Some adaptations of animals living in the tropical rainforests include living on the trees, development of strong tails, long and large beaks, bright colours, sharp patterns, loud voice, diet of fruits, sensitive hearing, sharp eyesight, thick skin, ability to camouflage in order to protect themselves from predators, etc.

Examples of animals living in tropical rain forests are: Macaque, toucan, elephants, etc.

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