Tracing Changes Through a Thousand Years

Information produced in particular context changes in course of time. Persian Chronicler in 13th century – Siraj – defined Hindustan as areas under control of Delhi Sultan. In 16th century, Babur used “Hindustan” to describe the geography, the fauna and the culture of the inhabitants of the subcontinent. In medieval period, the term foreigner was used to mention any stranger in a village. To study the history of this period, historians rely on Coins, Inscriptions, Texts and Architecture. Paper used for writing various kinds of texts. Scribes copied manuscripts by hand. To reconstruct the history of thousand years from 700 to 1750 AD is a challenge to historians. During this period, new technologies, beverages and crops came with people who were moving from one place to another. Between 8th and 14th centuries, term Rajput was used to describe a group of warriors, who claimed Kshatriya status. Forest- dwellers moved from habitat due to changes. This period also witnessed two type of religious beliefs: Personal and Collective. During this period, the religion of Hinduism witnessed several changes. The idea of Bhakti: love for personal deity emerged during 9th -10th centuries. Merchants and migrants first brought the teachings of Holy Quran to India in 7th century. For historians, time is about changes. British historians divided history into three periods - Hindu period, Islam period and British period.

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