Adjectives

Adjectives are words that are used to qualify or describe nouns and pronouns. The various kinds of adjectives are listed below:

1. Adjectives of quality: Adjectives that show the quality or state of the being or thing named, are called adjectives of quality

2. Adjectives of quantity: Adjectives that show how much of a thing is meant, are called adjectives of quantity.

3. Proper: Adjectives formed from proper nouns are proper adjectives.

4. Adjectives of number: Adjectives of number indicate the number or the order of a person or a thing.

5. Pronominal: Pronominal adjectives are of four kinds:- Demonstrative, possessive, interrogative, and relative.

FORMATION OF ADJECTIVES: Adjectives can be formed in the following manner.

a) From nouns: e.g. Adventure  Adventurous, Girl  Girly, etc. b) From verbs: e.g. Collect Collective, Enjoy Enjoyable, etc. c) From other adjectives: e.g. Comic  Comical, Sick  Sickly, etc.

COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES

1. POSITIVE ADJECTIVE - This is the non-comparative form and forms the base adjective.

2. COMPARATIVE DEGREE- This form is used to compare two nouns usually assisted by the word ‘than’.

3. SUPERLATIVE DEGREE- The form used to compare more than two nouns, usually preceded by the word ‘the’.

INTERCHANGE OF ADJECTIVES:

It is possible to change the degrees of comparison of adjectives, that is, from positive to comparative or superlative degree or vice versa.

E.g. Positive: Mount. Everest is tall.

Comparative: Mount. Everest is taller than all mountains. Superlative: Mount. Everest is the tallest.

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