Adjectives are words that are used to qualify or describe nouns and pronouns. The various kinds of adjectives are listed below:
1. Adjectives of quality: Adjectives that show the quality or state of the being or thing named, are called adjectives of quality
2. Adjectives of quantity: Adjectives that show how much of a thing is meant, are called adjectives of quantity.
3. Proper: Adjectives formed from proper nouns are proper adjectives.
4. Adjectives of number: Adjectives of number indicate the number or the order of a person or a thing.
5. Pronominal: Pronominal adjectives are of four kinds:- Demonstrative, possessive, interrogative, and relative.
FORMATION OF ADJECTIVES: Adjectives can be formed in the following manner.
a) From nouns: e.g. Adventure Adventurous, Girl Girly, etc.
b) From verbs: e.g. Collect Collective, Enjoy Enjoyable, etc.
c) From other adjectives: e.g. Comic Comical, Sick Sickly, etc.
COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES
1. POSITIVE ADJECTIVE - This is the non-comparative form and forms the base adjective.
2. COMPARATIVE DEGREE- This form is used to compare two nouns usually assisted by the word ‘than’.
3. SUPERLATIVE DEGREE- The form used to compare more than two nouns, usually preceded by the word ‘the’.
INTERCHANGE OF ADJECTIVES:
It is possible to change the degrees of comparison of adjectives, that is, from positive to comparative or superlative degree or vice versa.
E.g. Positive: Mount. Everest is tall.
Comparative: Mount. Everest is taller than all mountains.
Superlative: Mount. Everest is the tallest.