Prepositions

Words show a relationship between words in a sentence are called prepositions. A Preposition links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence. The noun or pronoun that is placed after the preposition is called its object. A preposition may have more than one object.

A preposition indicates the temporal, spatial or logical relationship of its object with the rest of the sentence.

Kinds of Prepositions: The following are the different kinds of prepositions:

a) Simple preposition: In, Of, An, Off, To, Up, With, At, By, For, etc. b) Compound preposition: Without, Within, Outside, Inside, Into, Behind, Besides, Beneath, Below, Across, Between, etc.

c) Double preposition: Outside of, Out of, from out, From behind, From beneath, etc.

d) Participle preposition: Notwithstanding, concerning, pending, considering. These are participles of verbs used as prepositions. e) Phrase preposition: By means of, because of, on account of, in opposition to, with regard to, for the sake of, instead of, on behalf of, with a view to, in the event of, etc.

Kinds of relations indicated by prepositions:

a) Time b) Place c) Manner d) Cause e) Possession f) Reason g) Instrumentality h) Inference i) Purpose j) Contrast k) Measure THE SAME PREPOSITIONS WITH MANY USES

Some prepositions have many uses. Some of them have been listed below.

a) USES OF ‘AT’: direction, time of festivals, manner, cause, etc.

b) USES OF ‘IN’: Motion, direction, time, etc.

c) USES OF ‘WITH’: For filling, possession, instrument, accompaniment, etc.

WHICH PROPOSITION TO USE WHEN

1. In: In is used with the name of continents, countries, states, sizeable territories and large cities.

2. At: At is used with towns, villages, etc.

3. Between: Between is used in speaking of two persons or things.

4. Among: Among is used in speaking of more than two person or things.

5. Beside: Beside means at or by the side of.

6. Besides: Besides means in addition to or other than.

WORDS FOLLOWED BY PARTICULAR PREPOSITIONS

Certain verbs, nouns, adjectives and participles are followed by particular prepositions only; for example with him agree to, approve of, belong to, blind to, born to, complained of, etc.

PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES

Here are the examples of a few prepositional phrases.

a) At the conclusion of

b) At the top of

c) By the side of

d) By dint of

e) In case of

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