Words show a relationship between words in a sentence are called prepositions. A Preposition links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence. The noun or pronoun that is placed after the preposition is called its object. A preposition may have more than one object.
A preposition indicates the temporal, spatial or logical relationship of its object with the rest of the sentence.
Kinds of Prepositions: The following are the different kinds of prepositions:
a) Simple preposition: In, Of, An, Off, To, Up, With, At, By, For, etc.
b) Compound preposition: Without, Within, Outside, Inside, Into, Behind, Besides, Beneath, Below, Across, Between, etc.
c) Double preposition: Outside of, Out of, from out, From behind, From beneath, etc.
d) Participle preposition: Notwithstanding, concerning, pending, considering. These are participles of verbs used as prepositions.
e) Phrase preposition: By means of, because of, on account of, in opposition to, with regard to, for the sake of, instead of, on behalf of, with a view to, in the event of, etc.
Kinds of relations indicated by prepositions:
THE SAME PREPOSITIONS WITH MANY USES
Some prepositions have many uses. Some of them have been listed below.
a) USES OF ‘AT’: direction, time of festivals, manner, cause, etc.
b) USES OF ‘IN’: Motion, direction, time, etc.
c) USES OF ‘WITH’: For filling, possession, instrument, accompaniment, etc.
WHICH PROPOSITION TO USE WHEN
1. In: In is used with the name of continents, countries, states, sizeable territories and large cities.
2. At: At is used with towns, villages, etc.
3. Between: Between is used in speaking of two persons or things.
4. Among: Among is used in speaking of more than two person or things.
5. Beside: Beside means at or by the side of.
6. Besides: Besides means in addition to or other than.
WORDS FOLLOWED BY PARTICULAR PREPOSITIONS
Certain verbs, nouns, adjectives and participles are followed by particular prepositions only; for example with him agree to, approve of, belong to, blind to, born to, complained of, etc.
Here are the examples of a few prepositional phrases.
a) At the conclusion of
b) At the top of
c) By the side of
d) By dint of
e) In case of