A report is a systematic, well organised document that often works on three aims: to give a clear account of an issue, to answer a question, and to offer solutions or recommendations as to a course of action. It is brought to us by reporters, who gather information by observing events, interviewing people and taking photographs.
Reports mainly comprise description of a sequence of events or a situation. They can also be an evaluation of the facts or the results of one’s research. The purpose of the report is generally to give a first-hand description of an incident, event or process. It helps to determine further action. It also helps researchers in their work by updating them about new developments. Therefore, they must be accurate, well-structured, clear, factual and to-the-point. Overall, one needs to check if a report fulfills its purpose, that it conveys properly what the writer wishes to communicate.