Verbs are words that indicate an action, a possession or a state or being. Verbs are also known as action words.


The different forms of verbs are: a) Present Form b) Past Form c) Present Participle Form d) Past Participle Form


A) There are two kinds of verbs based on their structure: a) Strong /Irregular Verbs: b) Weak/Regular Verbs: B) There are two kinds of verbs based on their function in a sentence: a) Main verbs: Main verbs or lexical verbs have a meaning of their own. They express a full action or a feeling. Main verbs are further classified into two categories:

i) Finite ii) Non-Finite verbs b) Helping Verbs: An auxiliary or helping verb is a verb that gives further information about a main or full verb. It is used in compound tenses, Passive voice, etc.


Finite verbs can be divided into two categories: a) Transitive Verb: It is a verb that denotes an action which passes from the subject to the object (something or somebody) of the verb. The verb must have a ‘doer’ and a ‘receiver’. A transitive verb makes no complete sense without an object.

b) Intransitive Verbs: A verb that does not take an object in order to complete its sense is called an Intransitive verb. The action stops with the verb and does not pass on to any object.


i) Complete predication: Intransitive verbs that make complete sense are called verbs of complete predication.

ii) Incomplete predication: intransitive verbs that require some other words to complete the predicate are called verbs of incomplete predication.

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