Nature has provided resources as assets to human beings. In order to manage resources, technical knowledge suitable to the specific conditions of a region is required. Man gained this knowledge and developed skills through experience and learning practically. Over-exploitation of natural resources by the growing population resulted in various problems.
Resources help in producing various goods, so they have economic value. Natural resources like forests, mountains, etc., are beautiful, so they also have aesthetic value for human beings. Resources also have ethical value because, it is our moral duty to protect and conserve them for the future generations.
Equitable distribution of resources helps the global society in maintaining a sustainable quality of life along with global peace.
Resources can basically be divided into natural resources, human made resources and human resources. Natural resources are further sub-divided into different categories on the basis of their level of development and use, origin, stock and distribution. Sometimes, natural resources become resources only when they are modified by human beings. These resources like bridges, roads, machinery, etc., are known as human made resources. People are known as human resources, as they can make the best use of nature and create more resources with their knowledge, skill and technology.
Methods of conservation suggest us the ways through which natural resources should be preserved for the use of future generations. There are many ways of conserving resources such as:
Recycling, reusing, and reducing the consumption of resources.
Using scientific methods and modern techniques.
Making individual efforts towards sustainable development.
Sustainable development is the use of resources in such a way that it meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their own needs.