Law has been defined thus, “Law is a general rule of external human action, enforced by the Sovereign Political Authority.” The Parliament has an important role in making laws. There are many ways through which this takes place and it is often different groups in society that raise the need for a particular law. All citizens are EQUAL BEFORE LAW. It is the principle under which each individual is subject to the same laws, with no individual or group having special legal privileges. In India, laws originated from: Ancient India (Manusmriti, Upanishads), Muslim Era (Muslim Personal law) and British Law system spread using common and trade practices and Royal Charters. The British colonialists introduced RULE OF LAW in India which implies – supremacy of law, applicable for all and an independent judiciary.
The Sedition Act of 1870 was arbitrary in nature. Another arbitrary act of the British era was the Rowlatt Act, 1919. According to this Act, government could arrest any suspected person. Protesting against Rowlatt Act, Dr Satyapal and Dr Saifuddin Kitchlew were arrested. To protest these arrests, a public meeting was held, on 13th April 1919, at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar, despite the proclamations against meeting. General Dyer ordered firing on the protestors that killed hundreds.