India - Size and Location

India is a vast country. Lying in the Northern-Eastern hemisphere the main land extends between latitudes 8°4'N and 37°6'N and longitudes 68°7'E and 97°25'E. India is bounded by the young fold mountains in the north-west, north and the north-east. 82°30'E has been chosen as the Standard Meridian of the country. The total geo-graphical area of the country is 3,287,240 sq.km. The largest state in India in terms of geographical area is Rajasthan with an area of 342,239 sq.km. India's territorial waters extend into the sea to a distance of 12 nautical miles from the coast baseline. India’s total area accounts for about 2.4 per cent of the total geographical area of the world. India has a land boundary of about 15,200 km and the total length of the coast line of the mainland is 7,516.6 km. India is separated from Asia by the Himalayan mountains. The country extends southwards to the Indian Ocean, between the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal. India shares its land boundaries with Pakistan and Afghanistan in the northwest, China (Tibet), Nepal and Bhutan in the north and Myanmar and Bangladesh in the east. Sri Lanka and Maldives are our southern neighbours across the sea.

The Indian landmass has a central location between the East and the West Asia.

India is strategically located at the centre of the trans-Indian Ocean routes which connect the European countries in the west and the countries of East Asia. Since the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869, India’s distance from Europe has been reduced by 7,000 km.

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