A Voyage to Laputa, Balnibarbi, Glubdubdrib, Luggnag, and Japan-Part 3,Chapters7&8
Gulliver tries to travel to Luggnagg, but he finds no ship available. Since he has to wait a month, he is advised to take a trip to Glubbdubdrib. Gulliver makes a trip to Glubbdubdrib, an island populated by Magicians or Sorcerers. The governor of the island is capable of making people disappear or return from the dead. He encourages Gulliver to converse with several persons brought back from the dead. Gulliver learns that Alexander was not poisoned and that Hannibal did not use fire and vinegar to destroy an impassable boulder in the Alps. Caesar and Brutus are evoked, and Caesar admits that all his glory did not equal the glory that Brutus gained by murdering him. Gulliver considers that history is not what it seems. Gulliver continues his interaction with the dead. He meets Homer, Aristotle, Descartes (a French philosopher and mathematician), and Gassendi, (a French philosopher and scientist). He also fritters several days visiting Roman emperors and several rulers who he terms as "modern dead." He focuses on modern history and is disappointed to find that rulers had not been as righteous as people have been led to believe. Finally, Gulliver visits the English yeomen, once famous for the simplicity of their manners, diet and dress, for justice in their dealings, for their true spirit of liberty, for their valour and love of their country. But the race, he feared, had degenerated, and the current generation was as corrupt as the nobles.