Foundation of Information Technology:2013:CBSE:[All India]: Set - I

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  • Q1

    Fill in the blanks:
    (a)   
    TR tag can only be present inside_____ tag.
    (b)   
    ______ is a word or image that when clicked takes us to another web page.
    (c)    
    ______ tag is used to create inline images.
    (d)   
    _______ attribute is used to define the thickness of horizontal rule.
    (e)   
    _____ tag is used to insert a line break on a web page.
    (f)     
    _______ is used to describe data and ______ is used to display web pages.
    (g)   
    Any crime committed using computer and internet is termed as __________.
    (h)   
    ______  is a type of malware that is installed on a user’s computer and collects information about users without their consent and knowledge.
    (i)      
    A _________ is a technical person who breaks through the system’s security with malicious intentions.
    (j)     
    We need a ________ to create and edit XML document.

    Marks:10
    Answer:

    (a) Table
    (b)
    Hyperlink
    (c)
    IMG
    (d)
    BR
    (e)
    size
    (f)
    Comment and document
    (g)
    Cyber crime
    (h)
    Spyware
    (i)
    Hacker
    (j) Text editor


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  • Q2

    State true or False
    (a)
    HREF stands for Hyper Reference.
    (b)
    We can put a border around an image by using cellpadding attribute.
    (c)
    There must be only one< title > tag in an HTML document.
    (d)
    Almost all the browsers support HTML.
    (e)
    XML is widely used for storing data.
    (f)
    Rowspan attribute is used to make a cell span multiple columns.
    (g)
    In XML every opening tag may not have a closing tag.
    (h)
    Always scan the storage media before connecting it to your computer.
    (i)
    Spam is an unsolicited mail sent in bulk.
    (j)
    Extension of an XML file is .html.

    Marks:10
    Answer:

    (a) False
    (b)
    False
    (c)
    True
    (d)
    True
    (e)
    True
    (f)
    False
    (g)
    False
    (h)
    True
    (i)
    True
    (j)
    False

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  • Q3

    Answer the following questions:
    (a) What does anti-virus software do? Explain in brief any two points. (2)
    (b) Write two advantages of online backup. (2)
    (c) Write the HTML code to display an inline image named pencil.jpg located at c: in the center of your web page. (2)
    (d) Write the full forms of:
    (i)< SUP > (ii) < A > (iii)< IMG > (iv)< P > (2)
    (e) Write the HTML code to send an email to abc@xyz.com from your web page. (2)
    (f) Name the attributes of tag which are used for internal linking in web page. ( 2)

    Marks:12
    Answer:

    (a) Anti-virus softwares are applications designed to detect and remove viruses from computer systems.
    i) The anti-virus program gets started as the computer system is booted.
    ii) It prevents viruses from spreading further.
    (b) The advantages of online backup are:
    i) No hardware to maintain or repair the backup
    ii) Your data is safe; your computer encrypts the files before sending them and files are secured with password protection.
    (c) < HTML >< BODY >< IMG src=./2015/01/01/”c:pencil.jpg” align=center>BODY>
    (d) < SUP >: Superscript,< A >:Anchor,< IMG >: Image, < P >:Paragraph
    (e) < html >< body >Email link to< AHREF=mailto:abc@xyx.com>abc@xyx.com < /A>
    The name or id attribute of < A > element defines segment/fragment of a document later on internal linking is facilitated using these defined names/ids.

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  • Q4

    Multiple choice questions(Choose most appropriate option):

     

    (i) A category of software that spies on your computer activities is:
    (a)
    De-ware
    (b)
    Spyware
    (c)
    Utilities
    (d)
    Freeware

    (ii)
    Why is it important to specify width and height attribute in tag?
    (a)
    To ensure that image is not copied
    (b)
    The image will not render without these
    (c)
    To stop the image from loading
    (d)
    Helps the browser to load the web page faster

    (iii)
    Which of the following is not an attribute of < Table > tag?
    (a)
    Border
    (b)
    Background
    (c)
    Bgcolor
    (d)
    Src

    (iv)         
    Which sequence of HTML tags is correct?
    (a)   
    < html >< head >< /title >< /head >< body >< /body >< /html ></span></strong><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;line-height:115%;font-family:"Verdana","sans-serif";mso-fareast-font-family: Verdana;mso-bidi-font-family:Verdana"><span style="mso-list:Ignore"><br /> (b)<span style="font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"">    </span></span></span></strong><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;line-height:115%;font-family:"Verdana","sans-serif"">< html >< head ></head >< body >< title >< /title >< /body >< /html ></span></strong><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;line-height:115%;font-family:"Verdana","sans-serif";mso-fareast-font-family: Verdana;mso-bidi-font-family:Verdana"><span style="mso-list:Ignore"><br /> (c)<span style="font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"">     </span></span></span></strong><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;line-height:115%;font-family:"Verdana","sans-serif"">< html >< head ><title>< /title >< body >< /body >< /head >< /html ></span></strong><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;line-height:115%;font-family:"Verdana","sans-serif";mso-fareast-font-family: Verdana;mso-bidi-font-family:Verdana"><span style="mso-list:Ignore"><br /> (d)<span style="font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"">    </span></span></span></strong><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;line-height:115%;font-family:"Verdana","sans-serif"">< html >< title >< head >< /head >< body >< /body >< /html >

    (v) Which command should we use to link a page with an HTML page:
    (a)
    < a link=”page.htm” >
    (b)
    < a href=”page.htm” >page< /a >
    (c)
    < a connect=”page.htm” >< /a >
    (d)
    < a attach=”page.htm” >< /a >

    (vi) To display (X+Y)2, correct HTML code is:
    (a)
    < SUB > (X+Y)2< /SUB>
    (b)
    X + Y < SUP >2< /SUP >
    (c)
    (X+Y)< SUP > 2< /SUP >
    (d)
    < SUP >(X+Y)2< /SUP >

    (vii)
    When creating a Web document, which unit is used to express an image’s height and width?
    (a)
    Centimeters
    (b)
    Pixels
    (c)
    Dots per inch
    (d)
    Inches

    (viii)
    Among services available on the World Wide Web are:
    (i)
    E-mail
    (ii)
    XML
    (iii)
    HTML
    (iv)
    Video conferencing

    (a)
    (i) and (ii)
    (b)
    (ii) and (iii)
    (c)
    (iii) and (iv)
    (d) 
    (i) and (iv)

    (ix)
    The tag used in HTML to link a web page with other web page is:
    (a)
    < A >
    (b)
    < H >
    (c)
    < U >
    (d)
    < L >

    (x) HTML and XML are:
    (a)
    Markup languages
    (b)
    Programming languages
    (c)
    System software
    (d)
    Utilities

    (xi) XML uses:
    (a)
    User defined tags
    (b)
    Pre-defined tags
    (c)
    Both predefined and user defined tags
    (d)
    Extended tags used in HTML

    (xii)       
    XML was not designed to:
    (a)
    Display web pages
    (b)
    Story data
    (c)
    Carry data
    (d)
    Both (b) and (c)

    (xiii)    
    SRC attribute used with < IMG > tag stands for:
    (a)
    Screen
    (b)
    Screen Resolution Count
    (c)
    Source
    (d)
    Structure

    (xiv)    
    Which of the following is not a valid value for Align Attribute of < IMG > tag?
    (a)
    Top
    (b)
    Center
    (c)
    Bottom
    (d)
    Middle

    (xv)        We can create a numbered list using _____ tag.
    (a)
    < ul >
    (b)
    < list >
    (c)
    < ol >
    (d)
    < dl >

    (xvi)    
    colspan= n can be added to ____ tag:
    (a)
    < hr >
    (b)
    < table >
    (c)
    < td >
    (d)
    < tr >

    (xvii)  
    Which is not a source of computer virus?
    (a)
    Email attachments
    (b)
    Pen drives
    (c)
    Typing through keyboard
    (d)
    Downloading files

    (xviii)  
    Which one of the following is not malware?
    (a)
    Computer virus
    (b)
    Trojan horse
    (c)
    Worm
    (d)
    Operating system

    Marks:18
    Answer:

    i) Spyware
    ii)
    Helps the browser to load the web page faster
    iii)
    Src
    iv)
    < html >< title >< head >< /head >< body >< /body >< /html >
    v)
    < a href=”page.htm” >page< /a>
    vi)
    < SUP >(X+Y)2< /SUP >
    vii)
    Pixels
    viii)
    (ii) and (iii)
    ix)
    < A >
    x)
    Markup language
    xi)
    User defined tags
    xii)
    Carry data
    xiii)
    Source
    xiv)
    Middle
    xv)
    < ol >
    xvi)
    < td >
    xvii)
    Typing through keyboard
    xviii)
    Operating System

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  • Q5

    Answer the following questions:
    (a) Draw the XML tree for the code given below:

    < bookstore >

    < book >

    < title > ABC of computer < /title >

    < author > A.Gandhi < /author >

    < year >2005< /year >

    < price >29.99< /price >

    < /book >

    < book >

    < title > Learning XML < /title >

    < author > Erik T.Ray< /author >

    < year >2003< /year >

    < price >39.95< /price >

    < /book >

                 < /bookstore > (5)

     

    (b) Observe the following table and write the HTML code to generate it: (5)

    Period 1

    Period 2

    Math

    Science

    English

    SSt

    Science

    SSt

    (c)
    (i) What is the meaning of backup? (1)
    (ii) Name 2 storage media on which data backup may be taken. (2)
    (iii) Why should we frequently take backup of our data? (2)

    (d) Write names of two attribute each for the following tags: (5)
    (i) < HR >
    (ii) < body >
    (iii) < img >
    (iv) < table >
    (v) < A >

    Marks:20
    Answer:

    (a) The XML tree is as follows:

    (b)

    (c) i) Two storage medium to store backup are: External hard disk and Pen drive

    (ii) A copy of data that can be used to restore and recover the data is called a backup. Backup lets you restore data after a failure.

    (d) The attributes are:

    (i) < HR >: Size, Color
    (ii) < Body > Background, Bgcolor
    (iii) < img >: SRC, Align
    (iv) < Table >: Border and Bgcolor
    (v) < A > name, HREF

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  • Q6

    Do as directed:
    (a)
    Observe the following web page and write HTML code to generate it.

    Note the following points while generating the web page:
    • Background colour of page is yellow

    Link colour is black and visited link colour is green
    Font style for the page is arial
    Heading of the page is maroon
    Image used is gov. jpeg
    Text colour of the paragraph is red
    Link for “National e-Governance Plan’ is nation.html
    email id for bottom message is abc@xyz.com
    Title of the web page is “Plan”.
    (b)   
    Write two points of difference between XML and HTML. What is meant by a well formed XML document (Write two points)? Write the code to create an XML document with following data:  (10)

    Destination

    Cost

    No_of_days

    Mode_of_trans

    Singapore

    200000

    8

    Aeroplane

    Shimla

    10000

    4

    Bus

     

    Marks:20
    Answer:

    (a)     HTML code of the web page:

     

    < html >
    < Title >Plan< /Title >

    < body bgcolor="yellow"  link="black" vlink="green" >

    < font face="arial" >

    < Head >< font color="maroon" >< center > National e-governance Plan< /font >< /Center >

    < hr >

    < font color="red" >

    < IMG SRC="D:egov.png" ALIGN= " right " HEIGHT = "150" WEIGHT = "150" >


    The National e-Governance Plan of Indian Government seeks to lay the foundation and provides the impetus for long-term growth of e-Governance within the country. The plan seeks to create the right governance and institutional mechanisms, set up the core infrastructure and policies and implement a number of Mission Mode Projects at the center, state and integrated services levels to create a citizen-centric and business-centric environment for governance.

    < /font >

    < br >

    Visit < A HREF="nation.html" >National e-Governance Plan< /A > to know more about:

    < br >

    1. Central MMP’s

    < br >

    2. Implementation

    < br >

    3. Components

    < hr >

    < center > For enquires < A HREF="abc@xyz.com" >Mail to us< /A >

    < /font >

    < /body >

    < /html >

    (b)     Difference between XML and HTML are:

    XML

    HTML

    Tags are predefined

     

    Tags are not predefined. Tags can be created as per needs

    Tags are not case – sensitive

    Tags are case – sensitive

    A document that obeys the syntax of XML is well-formed documents.

    i) XML document must contain at least one element.
    ii)
    XML document must contain unique opening and closing tag that contains the whole document, forming what is called a root element.

    < ?xml version=”1.0” ? >

    < Detail >

    < Destination >Singapore< /Destination >

    < Cost >200000< /Cost >

    < No_of_days >8< /No_of_days >

    < Mode_of_trans >Aeroplane< /Mode_of_trans >

    < /Detail >

    < Detail >

    < Destination >Shimla< /Destination >

    < Cost >10000< /Cost >

    < No_of_days >4< /No_of_days >

    < Mode_of_trans >Bus< /Mode_of_trans >

    < /Detail >

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