Political Science : Democratic Politics-II 2006 CBSE [ Delhi ] Set III

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  • Q1

    Mention any four measures taken by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan to modernise the Muslim Community?

    Marks:2
    Answer:

    Four measures taken by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan to modernise the Muslim Community were
    a)He interpreted the Quran in the light of contemporary science.
    b)He struggled against blind obedience to tradition and warned against fanaticism for the development of the Muslims.
    c)He promoted modern education amongst the Muslims.                         d)He started many schools in towns and got many western books. translated in Urdu so as to spread modern thought amongst the Muslims.

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  • Q2

    Explain the importance of the Sangam literature in the history of South India.

    Marks:2
    Answer:

    The Sangam literature were composed about 2300 years ago They are one of the earliest works in Tamil .They are not religious literature but a collection of  short and long poems It thus is a major source of our information about  the social,economic and political life of the people living in the Tamil region during that period.

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  • Q3

    Name the terminal stations of ‘North-South’ and ‘East-West’ corridors. (4 x ½ = 2 )

    Marks:2
    Answer:

    The North-South corridor links Srinagar (Jammu and Kashmir ) and Kanyakumari (Tamil Nadu). The East-West corridor link Silcher (Assam) and Porbander (Gujarat).

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  • Q4

    Define the term ‘Tsunami’. Write two causes of generation of tsunami.( 1 + 1 = 2)

    Marks:2
    Answer:

    The term ‘Tsunami’ has been coined from the Japanese term Tsu meaning ‘harbour’ and nami meaning ‘waves’.Thus 'Tsunami' means the Harbour Waves.
    The two main causes of generation of tsunami are:
    1. Most tsunamis are caused by earthquakes generated in a subduction zone, an area where an oceanic plate is being forced down in to the mantle by plate tectonic forces.
    2.Volcanic eruptions, or underwater landslides can also cause tsunami.

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  • Q5

    Why is Raja Rammohan Roy called the father of modern India? Give two points. (2 x 1 = 2 )

    Marks:2
    Answer:

    Raja Ram Mohan Roy is called the father of modern India as he was a pioneer of social and religious reforms in India.
    He is called the Father of Modern India as:
    1) He laid foundation to reforms to Indian society leading to steps like the abolition of the sati.
    2) He was one of the earliest propogators of modern education leading to introduction of western education in India.

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  • Q6

    Why is conservation of natural resources necessary? Give two reasons. (2 x 1 = 2 )

    Marks:2
    Answer:

    Conservation of resources is necessary because:
    1. Our civilization and progress are based on our resources. If they get exhausted there is every likelihood that the whole artifice of civilization will crumble.
    2. Most of the resources are not renewable, hence once they get exhausted then it would hinder in the development.

     

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  • Q7

    Why is dense railway network found in the great plains of India? Give two reasons. (2 x 1 = 2)

    Marks:2
    Answer:

    Dense network of railways is found in the great plains of India because of following reasons:

    1. In great plains of India, the topography is flat and even, thus it is easy to construct railway tracks in this region.

    2. The great plains of India is considered as one of the most densely populated region, thus it encourages laying of more railway lines to meet the higher demand of passengers.

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  • Q8

    Explain the two components of liberalisation. (2 x 1 = 2)

    Marks:2
    Answer:

    Liberalisation has two components:
    1)    To allow private sector to run those activities, which were restricted earlier only to public sector.
    2)    Relaxation of all the rules and regulations, which restricted the growth of private sector earlier.

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  • Q9

    Explain any two reasons responsible for the unfavourable sex ratio in India. (2 x 1 = 2 )

    Marks:2
    Answer:

     Two reasons responsible for unfavourable sex ratio in India are:
     1. Lack of medical facilities for women leading to high moratality rate among the females during their reproduction age.
     2. Infanticides in rural areas where daughters are considered as the reason for all sorrows.

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  • Q10

    What steps have been taken by the Government of India in the interest of ‘Other Backward Classes’ (OBC)? Explain any two steps. (2 x 1 = 2)

    Marks:2
    Answer:

     The steps  which have been taken by the Government of India in the interest of ‘Other Backward Classes’ (OBC)are that the government has reserved posts in important offices  for the upliftment of the OBC .Government has also reserved seats in educational  institutes so that the OBC are able to gain the best of  education at subsidized fees.

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