Social Science : 2004 : CBSE : [Delhi] : Set I
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Study the map given below, showing national highway development project and answer the questions that follow:
1+1=2 (8.1) Name the expressway national highway that will join A, B, C and D stations.
(8.2) Name the cities related to C and D stations.Marks:2
8.1 Golden Quadrilateral.
8.2 C is Chennai and D is Mumbai .
What are reserved forests? What is the percentage of total forest cover under this category? 1+1=2Marks:2
Reserved forests are forests which are permanently preserved for timber. The right of grazing and cultivation is seldom allowed in this area. Out of the total forested area, 55 % comes under this category.
Mention three major sources of irrigation in India. Which source of irrigation is more popular in the southern states ? 1½+½=2Marks:2
Three major sources of irrigation in India are:
3. Tube Wells
In the southern states, tank irrigation is more popular.
Name the Chola temple in Thanjavur. What is the most striking feature of this temple?Marks:2
The name of the Chola temple is the Rajarajeshwara Temple . The striking feature of this temple is that the top of the Shikhara weighs 90 tonnes. It was lifted to the top at a time when there was no crane facility as we have in our modern period.
Mention any two main characteristics of Mughal paintings of Akbar and Jahangir’s time .Marks:2
(i) During the rule of Akbar, paintings were organised in an imperial establishment called karkhanas in which a large number of painters from different backgrounds gathered and painted pictures. Most of the paintings were on themes such as Indian scenes and landscapes. European paintings were also introduced. (ii) During the reign of Jahangir, a special progress was made in portrait painting and painting of animals.
Mention two types of resources. Give one example of each. 1+1=2Marks:2
Two types of resources are:
1. Human-Made Resources: Human made resources are the resources that are created by human beings for their development. For eg. structures and institutions.
2. Natural Resources: Natural resources are naturally occurring substances that are considered valuable in there relatively unmodified (natural) form. For eg. water.
Give two points of difference between renewable and non-renewable resources. 2x1=2Marks:2
Renewable Resources Non-Renewable Resources 1. Renewable resources are the resources that can be renewed or reproduced by physical, chemical & mechanical processes. 1. A non- renewable resource is a natural resource that cannot be re-made, re-grown or generated on a scale comparative to its consumption. 2. The examples of renewable resources are water, wind etc. 2. The examples of non-renewable resources are coal, petroleum etc.
How does deforestation affect the eco system? Give two examples .Marks:2
Deforestation alters not only nearby ecosystems -- communities of interacting organisms and their environments -- but also the atmosphere on a global level, with devastating results. Deforestation affects the ecosystem in many ways:
1) It accelerates soil erosion.
2) It affects seepage of water adversely.
3) It leads to disappearance of plants and animals.
Define economic and non-economic activities and give one example of each.Marks:2
Those activities that give an income are called economic activities. For example, people working in farms. Those activities that do not produce any income are called non-economic activities. For example, people doing social work.
How does rapid growth of population create unemployment? Give any two points.Marks:2
Whenever the growth of population is more as compared to resources, then it creates unemployment. (i) Rapid growth of population creates burden on the land which results in increase in agricultural holdings and landless labours. (ii) Increase in population increases the burden on economic infrastructure such as transport, communication, power etc. which reduces the production and leads to unemployment.