Geography: 2005: CBSE: [Delhi]: Set – I
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Which approach in the study of human geography was followed by Lucian Febvre ? State two characteristics of this approach. 1+2=3Marks:3
In the study of human geography, Possibilism was followed by Lucian Febvre.
Two main characteristics of this approach are:
Possibilism presented the man as an active agent rather than a passive agent.
Under this approach, Febvre has made it clear that ‘there are no necessities, but everywhere possibilities”. He also considered man as master of all these possibilities.
What is pastoral nomadism? State its four characteristics . 1+2=3Marks:3
A type of farming system in which farmers and farm families travel, more or less continuously, with herds of livestock is known as pastoral nomadism. The main four characteristics of pastoral nomadism are: 1. Pastoral nomadism is characterised by subsistense type of economy in which animals are grazed to meet the basic necessities of life. 2. People engaged in pastoral nomadism do not lead a settled life but keep on moving from place to place and are called nomads. 3. Each nomadic community occupies a well defined territory. 4. There are six widely distributed species reared by pastoral nomads: sheep, goats, camels, cattle, horses and donkeys.
Draw or trace in your answer-book the outline map of
India. W ith the help of the map given below, mark the following therein. 1+1+1=3
(9.1) Industrial region No. 3 with its name .
(9.2) Industrial region No. 5 with its name.Marks:3
9.1 Industrial region No.3 is Bangalore-Tamil Nadu region. 9.2 Industrial region No.5 is Chotanagpur region.
Study the following map and answer the questions given below :
a. Name the railway line shown in this map.
b. In which country this railway line lies?
c. Name the two ocean coasts which are linked by this railway line. 3×1 = 3Marks:3
a. The railway line shown in this map is Australian Trans Continental railway. b. It lies in Australia . c. The two ocean coasts which are linked by this railway line are Pacific and Indian Ocean coasts.
In what three ways natural resources help humans? Explain with suitable examples from India . 3×1=3Marks:3
Natural Resources help humans in following ways: 1. They provide energy and favourable conditions for the human development. 2. They are present in the nature in abundance and thus they can be used to replace the exhaustible resources. 3. Natural resources are considered as clean resources as they cannot lead to any type of pollution and thus maintain environmental balance.
Explain three factors which are responsible for the development of inland waterways. 3×1=3Marks:3
The three factors which are responsible for the development of Inland waterways are:
1. The rivers and canals should have regular flow of sufficient water.
2. The presence of waterfalls, cataracts and sharp bends in the course of river hinders the development of waterways. Silting of the river bed
also reduces the depth of water and creates problems for navigation. Desilting of river beds is a costly affair.
3. Diversion of water for irrigation purposes reduces the quantity of water and should be done carefully.
Distinguish between primary and secondary activities by stating three points of each.Marks:3
1. Primary activities are those activities through which man fulfils his needs and desires by using resources which are gifted to man by nature.
1. The occupations which produce finished goods by using the products of primary activities such as raw materials are called secondary activities.
2. Hunting, gathering, pastoralism, fishing, forestry, mining, and agriculture are included in primary activities.
2. All manufacturing industries are included in this category.
3. Primary activities form a base for secondary activities.
3. Secondary activities form a base for tertiary activities.
What is rainwater harvesting? State its two main objectives. 1+2=3Marks:3
Rain Water Harvesting: Rain Water Harvesting is the principle of collecting and using precipitation from catchment surface. Rain water harvesting is a method to capture and store rain water for various uses. It is also used to recharge groundwater aquifers. Objectives of Rain Water Harvesting: 1. To meet the ever increasing demand for water. 2. To reduce the runoff which chokes drains.
Why is agricultural productivity still low in India ? Write three main reasons . 3×1=3Marks:3
The three main reasons for low agricultural productivity in India are: 1. Inadequate irrigation facilities: In our country, only 22% of cultivated land is irrigated, whereas it is necessary to irrigate at least 50% of the cultivated land to increase the agricultural productivity. 2. Primitive agricultural practices: In most parts of India , Indian farmers are still using primitive agricultural practices and it is one of the major reasons for low agricultural productivity. 3. Lack of mechanised farming: Use of modern machines is limited due to low purchasing power of the Indian farmers. To get the maximum output, modern equipment should be used in farming.
State two main characteristics of major seaports of India . Name any two States which have two major ports. 2+½+½=3Marks:3
The two main characteristics of major sea ports of India are: 1. They act as collection centers of commodities from hinterland for further shipment to foreign destinations. 2. They also act as receiving points of foreign consignments coming to India for distributing them in the interior parts of the country. Two states that have two major sea ports are Maharashtra and Gujarat .