Geography: 2015: CBSE: [All India]: Set – I
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How is density of population of a region calculated?Marks:1
Density of population is the ratio between the numbers of people to the size of land.
Density of Population = Population/Area
Who are called red collar workers?Marks:1
People engaged in primary activities are called red collar workers due to the outdoor nature of their work.
In which country are motorways called ‘autobahns’?Marks:1
Motorways are called ‘autobahns’ in Germany.
Mention any two characteristics of sub-urbanisation.Marks:1
Characteristics of sub-urbanisation:
i. People move away from congested urban areas to cleaner areas outside the city.
ii. Everyday thousands of people commute from their homes in the suburbs to their workplaces in the city.
What two factors mostly helped in the development of ancient towns in India?Marks:1
Factors that helped in the development of ancient towns are:
Explain the term ‘Golden Quadrilateral’.Marks:1
Golden Quadrilateral comprises construction of 5,846 km long 4/6 lane, high density traffic corridor to connect India’s four big metro cities of Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata. With the construction of Golden Quadrilateral, the time, distance and cost of movement among the mega cities of India will be considerably minimised.
Mention any two sources of water pollutants created by humans.Marks:1
Sources of water pollutants created by humans:
i. Sewage disposal and urban run-off
ii. Toxic effluents from industries
‘‘The knowledge about nature is extremely important to develop technology.’’ Support this statement by giving three examples.Marks:3
Knowledge about nature is extremely important to develop technology and technology loosens the shackles of environment on human beings.
Many important discoveries and inventions were done because of the knowledge of nature.
i. Understanding of concepts of friction and heat helped us discover fire.
ii. Understanding of the secrets of DNA and genetics enabled us to conquer many diseases.
iii. The laws of aerodynamics are used to develop faster planes.
Explain with examples the ‘population size’ criteria used by most countries to define urban areas.Marks:3
Population size is an important criteria used by most countries to define urban areas.
i. The lower limit of the population size for the settlement to be designated as urban is 1,500 in Colombia, 2,000 in Argentina and Portugal, 2,500 in USA and Thailand, 5000 in India, 30,000 in Japan.
ii. In Denmark, Sweden and Finland all places with a population size of 250 persons are called urban.
iii. The minimum population for a city is 300 in Iceland, where as in Canada and Venezuela, it is 1,000 persons.
Explain any three characteristics of clustered rural settlements of India.Marks:3
Characteristics of clustered rural settlements of India are as follows:
i. The clustered rural settlement is a compact or closely built up area of houses. In this type of village the general living area is distinct and separated from the surrounding farms, barns and pastures.
ii. The closely built-up area and its intervening streets present some recognisable pattern of geometric shape such as rectangular, radial, linear, etc. Such settlements are generally found in fertile alluvial plains and in the north eastern states.
iii. Sometimes, people live in compact village for security or defence reasons, such as in the Bundelkhand region of central India and in Nagaland.