Geography: 2018: CBSE: [All India]: Set – I
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Differentiate between growth and development.Marks:1
Growth is quantitative and value neutral.
Development means a qualitative change which is always value positive.
This means that the change may be either positive or negative.
Development occurs when positive growth take place. It occurs when there is a positive change in quality.
It may have positive or negative sign.
Development will always be positive.
Why is India a popular tourist destination in the world?Marks:1
India is a popular tourist destination because of the following reasons
i. Favorable climatic conditions
ii. Heritage homes
iv. Scenic landscapes
v. National parks
vi. Medical services, etc.
Evaluate the importance of ‘quaternary activities’.Marks:1
i. Quaternary activities are advance and specialized economic activities.
ii. These services concern mainly with information processing, research and development.
iii. These services offer high income and are mainly concentrated in developed countries and growing fast.
Examine the concept of ‘regional planning’.Marks:1
Regional planning deals with the efficient placement of land use activities, infrastructure, and settlement growth across a larger area than an individual city or town.
Mention any two factors responsible for the establishment of cotton textile mills in Mumbai.Marks:1
Factors responsible for establishment of cotton textile mills in Mumbai:
i. Close proximity to the cotton producing areas of Gujarat and Maharashtra.
ii. Humid climate
State the major problem being faced by Kolkata sea-port.Marks:1
Kolkata port is confronted with the problem of silt accumulation in the Hugli River, which provides a link to the Bay of Bengal.
State any two advantages of air transport in the International trade.Marks:1
Two advantages of air transport in the international trade:
i. Valuable cargo can be moved rapidly on a world-wide scale.
ii. Highly suitable for handling perishable goods over long distances.
‘‘The primitive communities lived in complete harmony with their natural environment and as such the humans were naturalised.’’ Support the statement.Marks:3
The primitive society live in complete harmony with their natural environment.
i. It is realized that in all such cases nature is a powerful force, worshipped, revered and conserved.
ii. They create possibilities with the resources obtained from the environment.
iii. With Social and Cultural development, humans develop better and more efficient technology.
Differentiate between small scale manufacturing and large scale manufacturing.Marks:3
Small scale manufacturing
Industries use local raw material.
Industries use variety of raw materials brought from far and near.
Use simple power driven machines.
Use advanced technology andwork on assembly line production.
Industries use skilled and semi-skilled labour.
Industries use skilled labour.
Describe any three major problems of road transport in the world.Marks:3
Major problems of road transport in the world are:
i. Roads are unusable during the time of natural calamity and bad weather conditions.
ii. Road network cannot cope with the demands of traffic as a result congestion occurs.
iii. Road construction requires heavy investment in construction and maintenance.