Geography: 2018: CBSE: [All India]: Set – II
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State any two advantages of air transport in the International trade.Marks:1
Two advantages of air transport in the international trade:
i. Valuable cargo can be moved rapidly on a world-wide scale.
ii. Highly suitable for handling perishable goods over long distances.
State the major problem being faced by Kolkata sea-port.Marks:1
Kolkata port is confronted with the problem of silt accumulation in the Hugli River, which provides a link to the Bay of Bengal.
Mention any two factors responsible for the establishment of cotton textile mills in Mumbai.Marks:1
Factors responsible for establishment of cotton textile mills in Mumbai:
i. Close proximity to the cotton producing areas of Gujarat and Maharashtra.
ii. Humid climate
Evaluate the importance of ‘quaternary activities’.Marks:1
i. Quaternary activities are advance and specialized economic activities.
ii. These services concern mainly with information processing, research and development.
iii. These services offer high income and are mainly concentrated in developed countries and growing fast.
Examine the concept of ‘regional planning’.Marks:1
Regional planning deals with the efficient placement of land use activities, infrastructure, and settlement growth across a larger area than an individual city or town.
Why is India a popular tourist destination in the world?Marks:1
India is a popular tourist destination because of the following reasons
i. Favorable climatic conditions
ii. Heritage homes
iv. Scenic landscapes
v. National parks
vi. Medical services, etc.
Differentiate between growth and development.Marks:1
Growth is quantitative and value neutral.
Development means a qualitative change which is always value positive.
This means that the change may be either positive or negative.
Development occurs when positive growth take place. It occurs when there is a positive change in quality.
It may have positive or negative sign.
Development will always be positive.
‘‘Indiscriminate use of water by increasing population and industrial expansion has led to degradation of the quality of water considerably.’’ Evaluate the statement.Marks:3
Increasing population and industrial expansion are responsible forwater pollution:
i. An estimated 75% to 80% of water pollution is from domestic sewage, discharged untreated into local water bodies.
ii. Excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides in farming results in waterpollution.
iii. Major polluting industries are-leather, pulp, paper, textiles, chemicals, etc.
Describe any three major problems of road transport in the world.Marks:3
Major problems of road transport in the world are:
i. Roads are unusable during the time of natural calamity and bad weather conditions.
ii. Road network cannot cope with the demands of traffic as a result congestion occurs.
iii. Road construction requires heavy investment in construction and maintenance.
‘‘Every January after the harvest season ‘Jonbeel Mela’ takes place in Jagiroad, 35 kilometres away from Guwahati and it is possibly the only fair in India, where ‘barter system’ is still alive. A big market is organised during this fair and people from various tribes and communities exchange their products.’’ In light of the above paragraph, justify the values of ‘barter system’ in the lives of the tribal communities.Marks:3
Values of barter system in the lives of the tribal community:
i. The barter system fosters mutual cooperation and it is very simple system. There is no complex problems due to the present monetary system.
ii. There is less possibility of concentration of wealth in the hands of few people
iii. There is no monopoly in the economy.